A good job description should include a company overview and job overview, as well as an explanation of the associated responsibilities, skills & qualifications, and work environment. Below are some general guidelines for writing each of these sections effectively.
1. COMPANY OVERVIEW
Providing an accurate, concise description of your business is a great way to attract the right employees. Think of this section as an advertisement for your company -- why should prospective employees want to join your team?
Some useful things to include here are:
- Core company values
- Mission statement
- Brief history of your organization
- Anticipated growth
- Business goals
2. JOB OVERVIEW
In a few sentences, describe the purpose, importance, and fundamental qualities of the position being offered. No need to be too specific or comprehensive here -- the idea is to provide a zoomed-out image of the role the applicant would be filling in your company.
This is where you’ll outline the specific day-to-day responsibilities of the job. Bullet-point format is typically the most practical way to present this information.
4. NECESSARY SKILLS & QUALIFICATIONS
List in bulleted format the skills & qualifications that are absolutely essential to this position. Consider as many specific conditions of the job as possible in order to create a complete list of qualifications an applicant must have in order to succeed.
5. PREFERRED SKILLS & QUALIFICATIONS
List in bulleted format the skills & qualifications that are not essential, but would make an applicant more eligible for the position being offered.
6. WORK ENVIRONMENT
Describe the environment in which the applicant would be spending most of their time. In this description, include information about:
- Company culture
- Pace of work
- Amount of collaborative vs. independent activity
- Who the employee will report to (or vice versa)
Below is our firefighter job description. You can post it as-is to an online job board like ZipRecruiter, or download and customize it to match the unique aspects of your business. Keep in mind that adding a custom company overview and description of the work environment (outlined above) will help you draw in the right applicants.
Fire Fighter Job Description
Our firefighters are tasked with maintaining public safety both during and after natural and man-made disasters. They may be asked to extinguish burning buildings, rescue people from floods, or even assist in major traffic accidents. They’re expected to be first responders whenever possible, aiding those in distress until an ambulance arrives. Our firefighters have to be in excellent physical condition and comfortable going into dangerous situations to limit destruction or injury.
- Extinguishing fires (commercial, residential, wildfires, etc.) within section boundaries
- Rescuing people or animals in direct danger
- Using proper equipment to aid in rescue efforts
- Performing practice drills and attending training sessions to keep skills sharp
- Attending special events to promote fire safety
- Inspecting commercial and residential buildings for potential safety defects
- Working with the police force and other rescue teams to coordinate activities
- Completing all official paperwork according to department protocol
- Testifying as needed in the case of arson (or related crimes)
- Evaluating and maintaining equipment, alerting proper parties if gear needs to be replaced or repaired
Necessary Skills & Qualifications:
- At least 1 year of experience in a high-pressure environment
- Ability to pass physical and psychiatric standardized tests
- Excellent problem-solving abilities
- Team player, ability to work with the squad and follow directions
- High school diploma or equivalent
Preferred Skills & Qualifications:
- Associate’s degree in life sciences or engineering
- At least 1 year of experience as a firefighter
ENSURE LEGAL COMPLIANCE
Hiring employees can be an intimidating and time-consuming process, but it doesn’t have to be. We’ve created a hiring compliance checklist to help you get over the legal hurdles with ease. From obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to confirming work eligibility, our guide covers everything you need to know.
SET UP PAYROLL
Even if your business only has a few employees, setting up a payroll service can save you time for running your business and also ensure that your company is compliant with important federal requirements, such as employee withholding.
We recommend Gusto, a user-friendly payroll platform for small businesses. Try out their services and get one month free.
ACQUIRE WORKERS' COMP INSURANCE
Workers’ compensation insurance provides financial and legal protection for your business and its employees.
Whether or not you need workers’ comp insurance for your company depends on the nature of the job, the employer-employee relationship, and the unique regulations of your state.