A good job description should include a company overview and job overview, as well as an explanation of the associated responsibilities, skills & qualifications, and work environment. Below are some general guidelines for writing each of these sections effectively.
1. COMPANY OVERVIEW
Providing an accurate, concise description of your business is a great way to attract the right employees. Think of this section as an advertisement for your company -- why should prospective employees want to join your team?
Some useful things to include here are:
- Core company values
- Mission statement
- Brief history of your organization
- Anticipated growth
- Business goals
2. JOB OVERVIEW
In a few sentences, describe the purpose, importance, and fundamental qualities of the position being offered. No need to be too specific or comprehensive here -- the idea is to provide a zoomed-out image of the role the applicant would be filling in your company.
This is where you’ll outline the specific day-to-day responsibilities of the job. Bullet-point format is typically the most practical way to present this information.
4. NECESSARY SKILLS & QUALIFICATIONS
List in bulleted format the skills & qualifications that are absolutely essential to this position. Consider as many specific conditions of the job as possible in order to create a complete list of qualifications an applicant must have in order to succeed.
5. PREFERRED SKILLS & QUALIFICATIONS
List in bulleted format the skills & qualifications that are not essential, but would make an applicant more eligible for the position being offered.
6. WORK ENVIRONMENT
Describe the environment in which the applicant would be spending most of their time. In this description, include information about:
- Company culture
- Pace of work
- Amount of collaborative vs. independent activity
- Who the employee will report to (or vice versa)
Below is our marine biologist job description. You can post it as-is to an online job board like ZipRecruiter, or download and customize it to match the unique aspects of your business. Keep in mind that adding a custom company overview and description of the work environment (outlined above) will help you draw in the right applicants.
Marine Biologist Job Description
Our marine biologist will conduct experiments to determine the sea’s current behavior, how that differs from the past, and what can be done to prevent further destruction. They should be comfortable working both in the field and in the lab. We need our marine biologist to be detail-oriented and passionate about their job. We may ask them to repeat studies several times to confirm the results, or devise closely related experiments to accurately quantify evidence (e.g., the rate of pollution, etc.). We may also ask them to make formal presentations, apply for grants, and build relationships with outside professional groups.
- Learn priorities and requirements for each section of the sea
- Collect data, specimens, and samples from the field
- Devise and execute experiments, and draw relevant conclusions
- Record and analyze all results
- Adjust and repeat experiments, as needed, to produce more accurate results
- Write reports and suggest potential solutions based on data
- Make formal presentations to executives or outside parties
- Write grants to secure additional project funding
- Organize and facilitate field trips for further study
- Develop and maintain relationships with external parties
- Implement new solutions, as needed
Necessary Skills & Qualifications:
- At least one year of experience as a marine biologist
- Familiarity with all relevant testing methodologies
- Hands-on experience with common research databases and software
- Patient and motivated mindset
- Comfortable devising and running multiple experiments
- Passionate about oceanography
- Team player with excellent people skills
- Flexible schedule and ability to travel
- Bachelor’s degree in marine biology, ecology, or related field
Preferred Skills & Qualifications:
- Master’s degree in related field
- Doctorate in marine biology
ENSURE LEGAL COMPLIANCE
Hiring employees can be an intimidating and time-consuming process, but it doesn’t have to be. We’ve created a hiring compliance checklist to help you get over the legal hurdles with ease. From obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to confirming work eligibility, our guide covers everything you need to know.
SET UP PAYROLL
Even if your business only has a few employees, setting up a payroll service can save you time for running your business and also ensure that your company is compliant with important federal requirements, such as employee withholding.
We recommend Gusto, a user-friendly payroll platform for small businesses. Try out their services and get one month free.
ACQUIRE WORKERS' COMP INSURANCE
Workers’ compensation insurance provides financial and legal protection for your business and its employees.
Whether or not you need workers’ comp insurance for your company depends on the nature of the job, the employer-employee relationship, and the unique regulations of your state.