Starting a 501(c)(3) Nonprofit in Alabama is Easy
To start a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt nonprofit organization in Alabama, you must first start a nonprofit in Alabama according to the rules of the state and then apply for 501(c)(3) status with the IRS.
Learn more about 501(c)(3) eligibility in our What is a 501(c)(3) guide.
Step 1: Name Your Alabama Nonprofit
Choosing a name for your organization is the first and most important step in starting your nonprofit corporation. Be sure to choose a name that complies with Alabama naming requirements and is easily searchable by potential members and donors.
To learn more, read our How to Name a Nonprofit in Alabama guide.
1. Follow the naming guidelines:
- The name of the organization must:
- Be distinguishable from other businesses in Alabama.
- Not suggest that the nonprofit corporation was formed for any other purpose than described in the Certificate of Formation.
Read the Alabama Business and Nonprofit Entities Code for the complete rules on naming an Alabama-based organization.
2. Is the name available in Alabama? Make sure the name you want isn't already taken by doing a name search on the State of Alabama Website.
3. Is the URL available? We recommend that you check to see if your business name is available as a web domain. Even if you don't plan to make a business website today, you may want to buy the URL in order to prevent others from acquiring it.
Find a Domain Now
Registered your domain name? Next, we suggest choosing a business phone system to help your nonprofit build authority and trust. Phone.com is our first pick due to its affordability and top-notch customer support. Try Phone.com today.
4. Register the name with the state. All nonprofits in Alabama must submit a Certificate of Name Reservation.
NOTE: If filing by mail, you must submit your reservation at least two weeks prior to filing a Certificate of Formation. If filing online, you can reserve your name at the time of filing.
Step 2: Choose a Registered Agent in Alabama
Your nonprofit is required to nominate an Alabama Registered Agent for your organization.
What is a Registered Agent? A registered agent is an individual or business entity responsible for receiving important legal documents on behalf of your business. Think of your registered agent as your business' point of contact with the state.
Who can be a Registered Agent? A registered agent must be a resident of Alabama or a corporation, such as a registered agent service, authorized to transact business in Alabama. You may elect an individual within the company including yourself.
Need help choosing a registered agent? Check out our complete guide on How to Choose a Registered Agent For Your Alabama Nonprofit.
Step 3: Select your Directors & Officers
The directors of an organization come together to form a board of directors. This board of directors is responsible for overseeing the operations of the nonprofit.
The president, secretary, and other members of nonprofit who have individual responsibilities and authorities are known as officers.
The organization structure of your nonprofit in Alabama MUST include:
- At least 3 directors not related to each other
- A president
- A vice-president
- A secretary
- A treasurer
NOTE: The president and secretary positions cannot be held by the same person.
To learn more about electing an Alabama nonprofit board of directors, read our full guide.
Step 4: Adopt Bylaws & Conflict of Interest Policy
To be eligible to apply for 501(c)(3) status, your nonprofit is required to have the following two documents:
- Conflict of Interest Policy
What are Bylaws? Bylaws are the rules outlining the operating procedures of the nonprofit.
What is a Conflict of Interest Policy? A Conflict of Interest Policy is the collection of rules put in place to ensure that any decisions made by the board of directors or the officers benefits the nonprofit and not individual members.
NOTE: The bylaws and conflict of interest policy must be adopted by the nonprofit during its first organizational meeting where the directors and officers are officially appointed.
Step 5: File the Alabama Certificate of Formation
To register the nonprofit, you will need to file the Certificate of Formation with the State of Alabama.
To ensure that your nonprofit is eligible to apply for 501(c)(3), in the Certificate of Formation you must explicitly state the following:
In order to qualify for 501(c)(3) status, the organization’s purpose must explicitly be limited to one or more of the following:
Charitable, Religious, Scientific, Educational, Literary, Fostering national/international amateur sports competition, Preventing cruelty to animals/children, Testing for public safety
You must explicitly state what the assets of the organization will be used for, and what will happen to the assets if the organization is dissolved.
To be eligible for 501(c)(3) status, the assets of your organization must only ever be used for purposes approved under section 501(c)(3).
Section 5 of this sample IRS document provides an example of these provisions required for 501(c)(3) eligibility.
File By Mail
Mail the following to the Alabama Secretary of State.
- Original Certificate of Formation
- Two additional copies of the Certificate of Formation
State Filing Cost: $200
Step 6: Get an EIN
What is an EIN? An Employer Identification Number (EIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN), is used by the federal government to identify a business entity. It is essentially a social security number for the company.
Why do I need an EIN? An EIN is required for the following:
- To open a business bank account for the company
- For Federal and State tax purposes
- To hire employees for the company
How do I get an EIN? An EIN is obtained from the IRS (free of charge) by the business owner after forming the company. This can be done online or by mail. Check out our EIN Lookup guide for more information.
Step 7: Apply for 501(c)(3) Status
Before a nonprofit can apply for 501(c)(3) status it must,
- Elect at least 3 directors not related to each other
- File the Certificate of Formation with the required provisions (as covered in Step 5)
- Adopt the bylaws and conflict of interest policy
- Have an EIN number
Once these four conditions have been met your nonprofit can apply for 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status by filing Form-1023 online.
If your application is approved, the IRS will send you a determination letter stating that your organization is exempt from federal taxes under section 501(c)(3).
FAQ: Starting Your Nonprofit
When should an organization apply for federal tax exemption?
Form 1023 must be filed within 27 months from the end of the first month your organization was created.
How long will it take for the IRS to process Form 1023/1023-EZ?
Soon after sending your application you should receive an acknowledgement of receipt of your application.
If your application is simple and complete, IRS will send your determination letter within 180 days for Form 1023
If you have not heard from them by that time you can call 877-829-5500 to inquire about your application.
Important Steps After Forming a Nonprofit
1. Opening a business bank account:
- Separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection.
- Makes accounting and tax filing easier.
To open a bank account for your nonprofit corporation you will typically need the following:
- The EIN for the nonprofit
- A copy of the nonprofit’s bylaws
- A copy of the Certificate of Formation
Read our Best Small Business Banks review to find the right bank for your nonprofit’s needs.
2. Getting a business credit card:
- Helps you separate personal and business expenses.
- Builds your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise capital later on.
3. Hiring a business accountant:
- Prevents your business from overpaying on taxes while helping you avoid penalties, fines, and other costly tax errors
- Makes bookkeeping and payroll easier, leaving you with more time to focus on your growing business
- Helps effectively manage your business funding and discover areas of unforeseen loss or extra profit
For more business accounting tools, read our guide to the best business accounting software.
Business insurance helps you manage risks and focus on growing your business.
The most common types of business insurance are:
- General Liability Insurance: A broad insurance policy that protects your business from lawsuits. Most small businesses get general liability insurance.
- Professional Liability Insurance: A business insurance for professional service providers (consultants, accountants, etc.) that covers against claims of malpractice and other business errors.
- Workers' Compensation Insurance: A type of insurance that provides coverage for employees’ job-related illnesses, injuries, or deaths.
Build a Business Website
Creating a website is a big step in legitimizing your business. As a nonprofit, your website will be the primary way to share your organization’s mission and story to supporters. Your website should be a great resource for anyone interested in your nonprofit’s upcoming events, goals, and news to help advance your cause.
Some may fear that creating a business website is out of their reach because they don’t have any website-building experience. While this may have been a reasonable fear back in 2015, web technology has seen huge advancements in the past few years that makes the lives of small business owners much simpler.
Properly Sign Legal Documents
Improperly signing a document as yourself and not as a representative of the business can leave you open to personal liability.
When signing legal documents on behalf of your nonprofit , you could follow this formula to avoid problems:
- Formal name of your organization
- Your signature
- Your name
- Your position in the business as its authorized representative
See the image below for an example:
This ensures that you are signing on behalf of your nonprofit and not as yourself.
State of Alabama Quick Links
- IRS - Information for Charities & Nonprofits
- IRS - Required Provisions for Organizing Documents
- IRS - 990 Series for Tax-Exempt Organizations
- IRS - Applying for Tax-Exempt Status
- IRS - 501(c)(3) Compliance Guide
- Alabama Secretary of State - Online Services Portal
- Alabama Secretary of State - Business forms in PDF
- Alabama Business and Nonprofit Entities Code - Nonprofit Corporations