Last Updated: February 16, 2024, 4:00 pm by TRUiC Team

How to Advertise on Facebook (2024 Guide)

Facebook is an amazing platform for advertising your small business — and, learning how to advertise on Facebook is a relatively easy process.

With this guide:

  • Learn the basics of Facebook advertising. This includes understanding the different types of Facebook ads, how to choose an objective, and how to set a budget.
  • Create a Facebook ad campaign. An ad campaign can help with targeting your audience, writing ad copy, and designing ad creative.
  • Learn how to improve your Facebook ad performance. Discover tips on how to get more clicks, conversions, and sales from your ads.
  • Stay up-to-date on the latest Facebook advertising features and best practices.

Recommended: Once you learn more about Facebook advertising, visit our review of the best social media marketing tools to track and monitor your ad campaigns.

Social media apps on a phone.

Facebook Advertising Basics

Facebook, with its massive user base spanning the globe, has become more than just a platform to connect with friends and family. Over the years, it has transformed into a marketing powerhouse, allowing businesses to reach their target audiences in more refined and effective ways. 

If you're considering diving into the world of Facebook advertising or are just curious about its potential, this section will introduce you to the basics.

What Are Facebook Ads?

Facebook ads are digital advertisements displayed on the Facebook platform. These ads can appear in several places, including a user's News Feed, the right-hand column of the Facebook website, within Stories, or even in Messenger. They are designed to promote a product, service, brand, or even a cause. 

Depending on the objective, these ads can drive users to a website, prompt them to download an app, generate leads, increase sales, or raise brand awareness, among other goals. 

What makes Facebook ads stand out from traditional advertising is the incredible targeting capabilities. Advertisers can narrow down their audience based on demographics, interests, behaviors, and more, ensuring that the ad reaches the most relevant users.

Why Advertise on Facebook?

The benefits of advertising on Facebook go beyond its vast user base. Here's why it has become a go-to platform for many businesses:

  • Precision Targeting: With Facebook's advanced targeting options, businesses can reach the exact audience they want. Whether it's mothers in their 30s interested in organic baby food, or avid travelers who have visited Europe in the last year, you can find and connect with them on Facebook.
  • Cost-Effective: Facebook advertising can be tailored to fit any budget, big or small. Pay-per-click (PPC) or cost-per-impression (CPM) options let you control how much you spend and ensure you're getting value for your money.
  • Engaging Formats: Facebook offers a variety of ad formats, from simple image ads to immersive video and interactive carousel ads. This means businesses can create engaging content that resonates with their target audience.
  • Measurable Results: Using tools like Facebook Analytics and Ads Manager, businesses can track the performance of their ads in real-time. This not only allows for immediate feedback but also provides insights for future campaigns.
  • Enhanced Customer Interaction: Unlike traditional media, Facebook ads provide an opportunity for direct interaction with potential customers. People can like, comment, share, or even message businesses directly from an ad — fostering engagement and building relationships.

Types of Facebook Ads

Facebook offers a variety of ad formats to cater to different business needs. Understanding each can help you pick the right one for your campaign:

  • Image Ads: These are simple ads that use a single image to promote a product, service, or brand. They are ideal for a straightforward message.
  • Video Ads: Videos can run in the News Feed and Stories, allowing businesses to showcase their brands or products more dynamically. They can be short clips or longer explainer-type videos.
  • Carousel Ads: This format lets advertisers display up to 10 images or videos in a single ad, each with its own link. This is terrific for showcasing multiple products or telling a step-by-step story.
  • Slideshow Ads: They create lightweight video ads from a collection of photos, text, or existing video clips. These ads can be useful for businesses with limited resources for video production.
  • Canvas Ads: Now known as Instant Experiences, these are mobile-optimized ads that offer an interactive encounter. Users can swipe, tilt, and zoom to engage with the content.
  • Lead Ads: Designed for mobile devices, these ads allow businesses to collect information from prospects without them leaving the Facebook platform. They're great for sign-ups, inquiries, or collecting feedback.
  • Dynamic Ads: They automatically promote products to people who've shown interest on your website, in your app, or elsewhere on the internet.
  • Messenger Ads: These are displayed directly in the Messenger app, allowing businesses to engage users in real-time conversations.

Choose Your Advertising Objectives

Before you create an ad, you must determine your goal. Facebook categorizes its advertising objectives into three:

  • Awareness:
    • Brand Awareness: Increase awareness of your brand by reaching people who are more likely to be interested.
    • Reach: Display your ad to the maximum number of people.
  • Consideration:
    • Traffic: Drive traffic to your website or app.
    • Engagement: Increase likes, shares, comments, or event responses on your post.
    • App Installs: Get more people to download your app.
    • Video Views: Promote videos that show behind-the-scenes footage, product launches, or stories.
    • Lead Generation: Collect lead information, like emails and sign-ups.
  • Conversion:
    • Conversions: Encourage actions on your website or app, like purchases or sign-ups.
    • Catalog Sales: Display items from your product catalog based on your target audience.
    • Store Traffic: Drive visits to your brick-and-mortar stores.

How to Set an Ad Budget

Setting the right budget for your Facebook ads ensures you're not overspending while reaching your advertising objectives:

  1. Determine Your Overall Digital Advertising Budget: Before diving into Facebook ads, decide how much of your overall marketing budget should be allocated to digital advertising.
  2. Decide on a Daily vs. Lifetime Budget: A daily budget sets a specific amount you're willing to spend each day, while a lifetime budget is the total you're willing to spend for the duration of an ad set or campaign.
  3. Understand Bidding: Facebook uses an auction system. You can set automatic bids (letting Facebook decide) or manual bids based on the value of an ad impression to you.
  4. Factor in Ad Placement and Duration: Ads on Instagram (owned by Facebook’s parent company Meta) or the Audience Network may have different costs. Also, consider if you're running a short-term promotion or a longer campaign.
  5. Regularly Review and Adjust: Monitor your ads' performance. If they're not yielding the desired results, consider adjusting your budget or strategy.
  6. A/B Testing: By testing different ads with varying budgets, you can determine the most cost-effective way to reach your objectives.
  7. Consider Seasonality: There may be times of the year when advertising costs rise due to increased demand (e.g., holidays). Factor these into your budgeting decisions.

Remember, setting the right budget is a balance between spending enough to achieve your goals and ensuring a positive return on investment (ROI).

How to Advertise on Facebook

Advertising on Facebook is one of the most efficient ways to reach a vast audience. Here's a step-by-step guide to setting up your Facebook ads, complete with real-world examples, and tips.

1. Setting Up Your Facebook Business Manager


  • Go to Business Manager Overview.
  • Click the “Create Account” button.
  • Enter your business name and your business email.
  • Complete the setup by following the on-screen instructions.

Real-World Example:

Jane's Boutique, a small local business, wants to start advertising on Facebook. Jane created a Facebook Business Manager account, allowing her to manage her business's Facebook and Instagram advertising, pages, and users in one place.


  • Ensure your personal Facebook account is in good standing. If you've violated terms in the past, it could impact your ability to set up a Business Manager account.
  • Use a professional email linked to your business domain for credibility.

2. Create a Facebook Ads Account

Once you have the Business Manager set up, the next step is to create an Ads account.


  • In Business Manager, on the left menu, click on “Business Settings.”
  • Under “Accounts,” select “Ad Accounts.”
  • Click the blue “+ Add” button and select “Create a New Ad Account.”
  • Fill out the necessary information and click “Create.”

Real-World Example:

Tom's Tech Store created an Ads account within Business Manager. This gave Tom a centralized place to manage his budgets, campaigns, and ads.


  • Limit access to trusted individuals to avoid accidental changes or misuse.

3. Define Your Target Audience

Facebook offers various targeting options, including location, demographics, behaviors, and interests.


  • When creating a new ad set in the Ads Manager, navigate to the “Audience” section.
  • Choose the demographics, interests, and behaviors that best match your intended audience.
  • You can also set up “Custom Audiences” or “Lookalike Audiences” to further refine your targeting.

Real-World Example:

Healthy Eats Café wants to promote its new vegan menu. They target users within a 10-mile radius of their café, aged 18-40, who've shown an interest in vegan or vegetarian cuisine.


  • Using Facebook's "Lookalike Audiences" can help you target users similar to your existing customers.
  • Regularly review and refine your target audience for optimal results.

4. Decide on Ad Placement

You can choose where your ads appear: in the News Feed, Stories, Messenger, or Audience Network.


  • In the “Placements” section of your ad set, choose either “Automatic Placements” or “Edit Placements.”
  • If editing, select where you want your ads to appear (e.g., Facebook News Feed,  Stories, etc.).

Real-World Example:

City Gym decides to promote its new yoga classes in its Stories and Facebook News Feed because its audience is highly active in these areas.


  • Test different placements to see which gets the best engagement.
  • If unsure, use Facebook's "Automatic Placements" to let Facebook optimize for you.

5. Set Your Budget and Schedule

Determine how much you want to spend daily or over the life of the ad campaign.


  • In the “Budget & Schedule” section, set your desired daily or lifetime budget.
  • Choose the start and end dates for your campaign.
  • Opt to run ads continuously or on a schedule by selecting “Run ads on a schedule.”

Real-World Example:

Leo's Bookstore sets a daily budget of $20 for a week-long campaign to promote its latest book launch.


  • Start with a modest budget, monitor results, and adjust as necessary.
  • Take advantage of Facebook's "Ad Scheduling" if you only want ads to run during specific hours.

6. Design Your Ad

Choose between formats like single images, videos, slideshows, or carousels. Write compelling text and include a clear call-to-action (CTA).


  • Navigate to the “Ad” section within Ads Manager.
  • Choose your desired format (e.g., single image, video, carousel).
  • Upload your visuals.
  • Write your headline and primary text, then add a description if needed.
  • Set your call-to-action from the drop-down menu (e.g., Shop Now, Learn More, etc.).

Real-World Example:

Sarah's Craft Store designs a carousel ad showcasing various handmade crafts with a CTA saying "Shop Now."


  • Ensure your visuals are high-quality and relevant to your message.
  • Keep ad text concise, and always have a clear and compelling CTA.

7. Monitor and Optimize Your Ad Performance

After your ad is live, regularly check its performance using Facebook Ads Manager.


  • Go to the “Ads Manager” dashboard to see the performance metrics of your campaigns, ad sets, and ads.
  • Analyze key metrics like click-through rate (CTR), engagement rate, and conversion rate.
  • Make adjustments to poorly performing ads or allocate more budget to well-performing ones. Adjust audience targeting, ad placements, or creatives as needed.
  • If A/B testing, compare the performance of the different ad variations and allocate more budget to the better-performing variant.

Real-World Example:

Greenland Gardening Supplies noticed one of its ads had a low click-through rate. After analyzing, it tweaked the ad copy and saw an improvement in engagement.


  • Regularly test different ad variations (A/B testing) to see which performs best.
  • Don't be afraid to pause underperforming ads and refine your approach.

With these detailed instructions, you should be better equipped to navigate the intricacies of Facebook advertising. Remember to keep refining your approach based on the performance data you gather over time.

Creating a Facebook Ad Campaign

Crafting a successful Facebook ad campaign requires thoughtful planning, precise targeting, compelling ad copy, and engaging visuals. Let's break down the steps to ensure your campaign resonates with your audience and drives results:

Targeting Your Audience

One of the key strengths of Facebook advertising is its powerful targeting capabilities. Here's how you can utilize them:

  • Core Audiences: Use Facebook's built-in targeting options to select audiences by demographics, locations, interests, behaviors, and more.
  • Custom Audiences: Reach people who already know your business by uploading a list of contacts or by using the Facebook pixel to target website visitors. This is perfect for retargeting campaigns.
  • Lookalike Audiences: Let Facebook find people similar to your best customers by creating a Lookalike Audience from your existing customer data.
  • Saved Audiences: If you frequently target the same groups, save your audience parameters to streamline future ad set-ups.
  • Layered Targeting: Combine multiple targeting options to narrow down your audience and ensure your ad reaches the most relevant users.

Writing Ad Copy

Your ad copy needs to grab attention, convey your message clearly, and inspire action:

  1. Start With a Strong Headline: It's the first thing people read. Make it catchy and relevant.
  2. Highlight the Value Proposition: Clearly state what's in it for the audience. Why should they click on your ad?
  3. Include a Clear Call-to-Action (CTA): Guide your audience on the next step, whether it's "Shop Now," "Learn More," or "Sign Up."
  4. Keep It Concise: Space is limited. Ensure your message is brief yet impactful.
  5. Stay Authentic: Write in a tone that aligns with your brand and resonates with your target audience. Avoid jargon or overly promotional language.

Designing Creative Ads

The visual component of your ad plays a crucial role in capturing attention and conveying your message:

  1. Choose High-Quality Images: Ensure your visuals are clear, vibrant, and relevant to the ad's message.
  2. Consider the Format: Whether it's a single image, carousel, video, or slideshow, select the format that best showcases your content.
  3. Optimize for Mobile: With many users accessing Facebook via mobile, ensure your visuals are optimized for smaller screens.
  4. Include Minimal Text: Facebook prefers visuals with less on-image text. Too much text can lead to reduced reach or ad disapproval.
  5. Test Multiple Creatives: Use A/B testing to determine which visuals resonate most with your audience. Sometimes a slight change in color or image can lead to significantly better results.
  6. Ensure Brand Consistency: Your ads should align with your brand's style and voice. Consistency fosters recognition and trust among your audience.

Remember, a successful Facebook ad campaign is more than just its components. It's the culmination of careful planning, understanding your audience, crafting the perfect message, and delivering it engagingly. 

Monitor your campaign regularly, be open to adjustments, and learn from each campaign to continuously improve.

How to Improve Your Facebook Ad Performance

A successful Facebook ad campaign doesn't stop once the ad is live. Constant monitoring and optimization are key to ensuring that your ads are not only reaching your intended audience but also driving the desired actions. 

Here's a deep dive into ways you can enhance the performance of your Facebook ads:

Analyze and Understand Your Metrics

Before you make any changes, you need to understand where you currently stand:

  • Click-Through Rate (CTR): A high CTR indicates that your ad is relevant and appealing to your audience. If it's low, consider adjusting your visuals or ad copy.
  • Conversion Rate: If people click on your ad but aren't converting, there might be a disconnect between your ad and the landing page, or perhaps the CTA isn't strong enough.
  • Ad Frequency: This metric shows how often the same user sees your ad. A high frequency might lead to ad fatigue, causing your audience to overlook the ad or become annoyed.
  • Return on Ad Spend (ROAS): Measure the revenue generated against the amount you've spent. A positive ROAS indicates a successful campaign, while a negative one suggests areas that need tweaking.

Optimize Your Audience Targeting

Reaching the right people is crucial:

  1. Retarget: Use Facebook pixel to retarget users who've visited your site but didn't convert.
  2. Refine Lookalike Audiences: If your Lookalike Audience isn't performing as expected, consider refining the source audience to better capture potential customers.
  3. Exclude Certain Groups: If you know a segment of your audience consistently doesn't convert, consider excluding them to allocate your budget more effectively.

Revamp Your Ad Creative and Copy

Your ad's content plays a significant role in its performance:

  • A/B Testing: Run multiple versions of your ad with slight variations in copy, visuals, or CTAs to see which one performs best.
  • Stay Updated With Design Trends: Ensure your ads don't look outdated, as modern and trendy visuals tend to grab attention.
  • Incorporate User Feedback: If users leave comments or feedback on your ads, consider them when creating new campaigns.

Optimize Landing Pages

The journey shouldn't end at the click:

  • Ensure Relevance: The landing page should closely match the content and promise of your ad. Any disconnect can cause users to bounce.
  • Fast Load Times: Ensure your landing page loads quickly, especially on mobile. Slow-loading pages can deter potential conversions.
  • Clear CTAs on Landing Pages: Guide the visitor toward the desired action, be it signing up, purchasing, or any other conversion goal.

Adjust Bidding Strategies

Your bid amount and strategy can influence ad performance:

  • Test Different Bidding Strategies: Whether it's lowest cost bidding or target cost bidding, experiment to find what delivers the best results for your campaign.
  • Allocate Budget Based on Performance: If certain ads or ad sets are performing better than others, consider reallocating your budget to favor the best performers.

Stay Updated

  • Facebook Ad Updates: Regularly check for new features or changes in the Facebook Ad platform. Utilizing new tools or adapting to changes early can give you a competitive edge.
  • Industry Trends: Stay informed about what's happening in your industry. This can provide insights into new targeting options or creative approaches.

By regularly analyzing, testing, and optimizing, you can significantly improve your Facebook ad performance. The goal is continuous learning — each campaign provides valuable data that can inform and enhance future efforts.

Stay Current With Facebook Advertising Updates & Best Practices

Staying informed about the ever-evolving world of Facebook advertising can give you a competitive edge. 

As the platform introduces new features and as industry standards shift, advertisers who adapt quickly can maximize their ROI. Here's how to keep pace with the changes:

Regularly Check Facebook's Official Channels

  • Facebook Business Blog: Facebook's official business blog regularly publishes updates, success stories, and insights. It's a primary source of information directly from the platform.
  • Ad Product Announcements: Keep an eye out for official announcements about new ad products or enhancements to existing ones.
  • Facebook Blueprint: This is Facebook's official training program. Enroll in courses to deepen your knowledge and get certified.

Join Online Communities

  • Facebook Advertiser Groups: There are numerous Facebook groups dedicated to discussing the platform's advertising features. These can be great places to ask questions, share experiences, and get insights from fellow advertisers.
  • Industry Forums and Websites: Websites like Social Media Examiner, AdEspresso, and others frequently cover the latest in Facebook advertising.
  • Webinars and Virtual Conferences: Especially with the rise of remote work and online learning, there's an abundance of online events focused on social media marketing.

Test New Features Firsthand

  • Pilot Programs: Sometimes, Facebook rolls out features to a select group of advertisers before a broader launch. If given access, take advantage to get a head-start.
  • A/B Testing With New Tools: Whenever a new feature becomes available, run test campaigns to gauge its effectiveness and learn how it works.
  • Feedback: If you're part of a beta test or early access to a feature, provide feedback to Facebook. This not only helps the platform improve but might offer you further insights or opportunities.

Stay Informed Through Industry News

  • Subscribe to Newsletters: Many industry experts and platforms offer newsletters with curated content, ensuring you receive the most critical updates in your inbox.
  • Follow Thought Leaders: People like Jon Loomer, Mari Smith, and others are well-regarded voices in the Facebook advertising space. They often provide early insights into changes and best practices.
  • Attend Conferences: Events like Social Media Marketing World or Facebook's own F8 developer conference can be goldmines of information.

Engage With a Network

  • Local Meetups: Join or organize local meetups (or virtual ones) for Facebook advertisers. Sharing experiences can lead to valuable insights.
  • Agency Partnerships: If you work with a marketing agency, it may have direct lines to representatives at Facebook and can provide insights.

Regularly Review Performance Metrics

  • Changes in Ad Performance: Sometimes, a sudden change in your ad performance can indicate a shift in the platform or audience behavior. Investigate potential causes.
  • Adaptation: As you identify new best practices, update your advertising strategy accordingly. Continuous learning and adaptation are key.

By dedicating time to staying informed and regularly reviewing your strategies, you can ensure that your Facebook advertising efforts remain cutting-edge, effective, and aligned with the latest best practices.


To maximize your reach among Facebook users, setting up a Facebook business page is crucial. Once logged into your Facebook account, go to the "Pages" section and select "Create a New Page." 

From there, choose the type of business or brand category, and follow the prompts to complete your profile with relevant details, images, and posts.

When setting up a Facebook advertising campaign, the platform provides a multitude of targeting options. By understanding your target audience's demographics, interests, and behaviors, you can tailor your Facebook ads to those specific parameters. 

This ensures that your ads reach those most likely to be interested in your product or service.

To create Facebook ads that genuinely resonate, first ensure you're clear on your campaign objective. This will guide your ad's content and design. Then, tailor your Facebook ad copy and visuals according to the Facebook ad specs. 

Using high-quality images and compelling copy can make your ads stand out. Test different versions of your ads to determine which resonates most with your target audience.

Yes, you can run multiple Facebook ad campaigns at the same time. Facebook's Ads Manager allows you to manage and monitor various campaigns, each with its unique target audience and campaign objective. 

This allows businesses to achieve different marketing goals simultaneously, from brand awareness to conversions.

Facebook ads cost varies based on several factors, such as your bid amount, the ad format, and competition for your target audience. 

Facebook operates on an auction system, so understanding this can help in budgeting. It's essential to monitor the performance of your ads and adjust your budget accordingly to get the best return on investment.

When you run Facebook ads, always refer to the official Facebook ad specs. These guidelines provide specific details on dimensions, file sizes, and formats for different ad types, ensuring that your ads display correctly across devices. 

Following these specs ensures a seamless experience for Facebook users viewing your ads on their Facebook page.

Running Facebook ads allows businesses to reach a vast number of Facebook users tailored to their target audience. By leveraging Facebook's detailed targeting options and continuously optimizing based on analytics, businesses can drive more traffic, generate leads, increase sales, and build brand awareness efficiently.