Forming an LLC in Texas is easy, just follow these simple steps:
You will need to file the Texas Certificate of Formation to set up an LLC (limited liability company) in Texas. The Certificate of Formation is the document that officially creates your Texas LLC and it can be filed online, or by mail. The filing cost is $300.
Follow our step-by-step How to Start an LLC in Texas guide to get started today.
STEP 1. Name Your Texas LLC
Choosing a company name is the first and most important step in starting your LLC in Texas. Be sure to choose a name that complies with Texas naming requirements and is easily searchable by potential clients.
1. Follow the naming guidelines for a Texas LLC:
- Your name must include the phrase “limited liability company,” or one of its abbreviations or words: “LLC, L.L.C., Limited, Ltd., Company or Co.”
- Your name cannot include words that could confuse your LLC with a government agency (FBI, Treasury, State Department, etc.).
- Restricted words (e.g. Bank, Attorney, University) may require additional paperwork and a licensed individual, such as a doctor or lawyer, to be part of your LLC.
- For a complete list of naming rules in Texas, you can read the Texas Secretary of State's guidelines.
2. Is the name available in Texas? Make sure the name you want isn't already taken by doing a name search on the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts website.
3. Is the URL available? We recommend that you check online to see if your business name is available as a web domain. Even if you don't plan to create a business website today, you may want to buy the URL in order to prevent others from acquiring it.
After registering a domain name, consider setting up a professional email account (@yourcompany.com). Google's G Suite offers a business email service that comes with other useful tools, including word processing, spreadsheets, and more. Try it for free
FAQ: Naming an LLC in Texas
What is an LLC?
Do I need to get a DBA or Trade Name for my business?
Most LLCs do not need a DBA. The name of the LLC can serve as your company’s brand name and you can accept checks and other payments under that name as well. However, you may wish to register a DBA if you would like to conduct business under another name.
To Learn more about DBAs in your state, read our How to File a DBA in Texas guide.
STEP 2. Choose a Registered Agent in Texas
You are required to appoint a Registered Agent for your Texas LLC.
What is a Registered Agent? A registered agent is an individual or business entity responsible for receiving important tax forms, legal documents, notice of lawsuits, and official government correspondence on behalf of your business. Think of your registered agent as your business' point of contact with the state.
Who can be a Registered Agent? A registered agent must be a resident of Texas or a corporation, such as a registered agent service, authorized to conduct business in the state of Texas. You may elect an individual within the company including yourself.
A Registered Agent must consent to Appointment in written or electronic form. The statement of consent should include:
- The name of your LLC
- An express statement that the person designated consents to serve as the LLC’s registered agent
- The name of the person designated as registered agent
- The signature of the registered agent
- The date of execution
The consent statement does not have to be filed with the secretary of state. For in-depth information on this requirement, as well as a fillable consent form, view the Acceptance of Consent Form 401-A.
Recommended: ZenBusiness provides the first year of registered agent service free with LLC formation ($39 + State Fees)
FAQ: Nominating a Texas Registered Agent
Can I be my own Registered Agent?
Yes. You or anyone else in your company can serve as the registered agent for your LLC. Read about being your own registered agent.
STEP 3. File The Texas LLC Certificate of Formation
To register your Texas LLC, you will need to file the Certificate of Formation with the Secretary of State. You can apply online, in-person, or by mail.
The Texas Certificate of Formation for an LLC (limited liability company) is a legal document to officially form your business. You’ll be expected to provide the name of the LLC, the name and address of your registered agent, the purpose of the company, the date of the effectiveness of filing, the name of the LLC’s Organizer, and the state filing fee.
When filing, you will need to state whether your LLC will be member-managed or manager-managed. We recommend learning more about member-managed vs manager-managed LLCs before you file.
After you file the Certificate of Formation, we recommend you obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) if you plan to hire employees and open a business bank account.
File the Certificate of Formation
OPTION 1: File Online with the Secretary of State
- OR -
OPTION 2: File the Certificate of Formation by Mail
State Filing Cost: $300, payable to the Secretary of State. (Nonrefundable)
Secretary of State
P.O. Box 13697
Austin, TX 78711
James Earl Rudder Office Building
Austin, TX 78701
Fax: (512) 463-5709
If you’re expanding your existing LLC to the State of Texas, you will need to form a Foreign LLC.
FAQ: Filing Texas LLC Documents
What is the processing time to form my LLC in Texas?
3 business days online, 5 to 7 by mail.
What is the difference between a domestic Texas LLC and foreign LLC?
An LLC is referred to as a "domestic LLC" when it conducts business in the state where it was formed. Normally when we refer to an LLC we are actually referring to a domestic LLC. A foreign LLC must be formed when an existing LLC wishes to expand its business to another state. If you are filing as a Foreign Texas LLC read our guide for more information.
STEP 4. Create a Texas LLC Operating Agreement
An operating agreement isn't required for Texas LLCs, but it's a good practice to have one.
What is an operating agreement? An operating agreement is a legal document outlining the ownership and operating procedures of an LLC.
Why are operating agreements important? A comprehensive operating agreement ensures that all business owners are on the same page and reduces the risk of future conflict.
For more information on operating agreements, read our Texas LLC operating agreement guide.
Recommended: Download a template or create a Free Operating Agreement using our tool.
FAQ: Creating a Texas LLC Operating Agreement
Do I need to file my operating agreement with the State of Texas?
No. The operating agreement is an internal document that you should keep on file for future reference. However, many states do legally require LLCs to have an operating agreement in place.
STEP 5. Get an EIN for your Texas LLC
What is an EIN? The Employer Identification Number (EIN), Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN), is a nine-digit number issued by the Internal Revenue System (IRS); an Employer ID Number is used to identify a business entity and keep track of a business’s tax reporting. It is essentially a Social Security number (SSN) for the company.
Why do I need an EIN? An EIN number is required for the following:
- To open a business bank account for the company
- For Federal and State tax purposes
- To hire employees for the company
Where do I get an EIN? An EIN is obtained from the IRS (free of charge) by the business owner after forming the company. This can be done online or by mail.
FAQ: Getting an EIN
How do I get an EIN if I don’t have a Social Security number?
What tax structure should I choose for my LLC?
When you obtain an EIN, you will be informed of the different tax classification options that are available. Most LLCs elect the default tax status.
However, some LLCs can reduce their federal tax obligation by choosing S corporation status. We recommend consulting with a local accountant to find out which option is best for you.
Do I need an EIN for my LLC?
All LLCs with employees, or any LLC with more than one member, must have an EIN. This is required by the IRS.
Learn why we recommend always getting an EIN and how to get one for free in our Do I Need an EIN for an LLC guide.
Have a question? Leave a comment!
Ask us a question, tell us how we're doing, or share your experiences. Join the conversation in our Comments Section.
Considering Using an LLC Formation Service?
We reviewed and ranked the top 5 LLC formation companies.
Find out which LLC service is best for you.
Important Steps After Forming an LLC
Separate Your Personal and Business Assets
When your personal and business accounts are mixed, your personal assets (your home, car, and other valuables) are at risk in the event your Texas LLC is sued. In business law, this is referred to as piercing the corporate veil.
You can start protecting your LLC in Texas with these steps:
1. Opening a business bank account:
- Separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection.
- Makes accounting and tax filing easier.
Need help finding your EIN for your bank application? Visit our EIN Lookup guide for help.
Recommended: Read our Best Banks for Small Business review to find the best national bank, credit union, business-loan friendly banks, one with many brick-and-mortar locations, and more.
2. Getting a business credit card:
- Helps you separate personal and business expenses.
- Builds your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise capital (e.g., small business loans) later on.
For other important steps to protect your corporate veil, like properly signing legal documents and documenting company business, please read our corporate veil article.
Find a Business Accountant
One of the main reasons that LLC’s make great business structures is the benefits of pass-through taxation and the ability to write off business expenses. Having a business-savvy accountant to help you with your small business accounting and take advantage of these benefits can literally save you and your business thousands of dollars in taxes each year.
Along with the obvious benefit of massive tax savings, a business accountant can help you to:
- Track business expenses and reconcile your bank accounts
- Discover areas of unforeseen loss or extra profit in your business
- Run payroll for you and your employees
- Prepare and submit your quarterly tax filings
- Advise on advanced business strategies for even deeper tax savings
- Avoid costly errors and ensure your business stays on the good side of the IRS
Starting a relationship with an accountant gives you a head start when it comes to running your business and keeps your finances clean in the future.
However, if you would like to run your own accounting, read our review of the best accounting software for small business.
Recommended: Get a free tax consultation and speak with a business accountant today.
Get Business Insurance for Your LLC
Business insurance helps you manage risks and focus on growing your LLC. The most common types of business insurance are:
- General Liability Insurance: A broad insurance policy that protects your business from lawsuits. Most small businesses get general liability insurance.
- Professional Liability Insurance: A business insurance for professional service providers (consultants, accountants, etc.) that covers claims of malpractice and other business errors.
- Workers' Compensation Insurance: A type of insurance that provides coverage for employees’ job-related illnesses, injuries, or deaths.
Find out how much it will cost to keep your business protected.Get Your Free Quote Today
Read our review of the best small business insurance companies.
Send Out a Press Release
Press Releases are among the easiest and best ways to promote your business. They are also one of the most cost-effective strategies as they:
- Provides publicity
- Establish your brand presence on the web
- Improve your website’s SEO, driving more customers to your website
- Are a one-time cost in terms of effort and money
- Have long-lasting benefits
Recommended: TRUiC has negotiated a 25% discount for you on a service that will write and distribute press releases for you.
Read our review of the best press release distribution services.
Join the Conversation
We are here to guide you through your entrepreneurial journey, and are always looking at your feedback. Share your experiences in our comment box, chat with other entrepreneurs, or simply let us know how we're doing.
Keep Your Company Compliant
Texas Business Permits & Licenses
Do I need business licenses and permits?
To operate your LLC in Texas you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. For example, restaurants likely need health permits, building permits, signage permits, etc.
The details of business licenses and permits vary from state to state. Make sure you read carefully. Don't be surprised if there are short classes required as well.
Fees for business licenses and permits will vary depending on what sort of license you are seeking to obtain.
Find out how to obtain necessary Texas business licenses and permits for your LLC or have a professional service do it for you:
- Federal: Use the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) guide to federal business licenses and permits.
- State: Apply for or learn more about licenses, permits and registration with The State of Texas' Work Section.
- Local: Contact your local county clerk and ask about local business licenses and permits.
Recommended: If you are a first-time entrepreneur, consider having a professional service research your business’s licensing requirements. Read our best business license services review on Startup Savant.
Texas LLC Tax Filing Requirements
Depending on the nature of your business, you may be required to register for one or more forms of state tax:
If you are selling a physical product, you’ll typically need to register for a seller's permit through the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts.
This certificate allows a business to collect sales tax on taxable sales.
Sales tax, also called "Sales and Use Tax," is a tax levied by states, counties, and municipalities on business transactions involving the exchange of certain taxable goods or services.
Read our Texas sales tax guide to find out more.
If you have employees in Texas, you will have to register for Unemployment Insurance Tax through the Texas Workforce Commission on behalf of your employees.
FAQ: Additional Taxes
What is the Texas Annual Report & Franchise Tax?
There is an Annual Report & Franchise Tax for each LLC formed in Texas which varies depending upon your LLC’s income, learn more here.
Federal LLC Tax Filing Requirements
Most LLCs will need to report their income to the IRS each year using:
- Form 1065 Partnership Return (most multi-member LLCs use this form)
- Form 1040 Schedule C (most single-member LLCs use this form)
How you pay yourself as an owner will also affect your federal taxes. Visit our guide to learn more about how to pay yourself from your LLC.
Read our LLC Tax Guide to learn more about federal income taxes for LLCs.
Texas Annual Report & Franchise Tax
LLCs in Texas are required to file an annual report and Franchise Tax with the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. These can only be filed online at the Texas Comptroller website. You will need to create an online account to complete the filing process.
File your Annual Report & Franchise Tax
File Online with the State of Texas
Tax Calculation: LLCs with annualized revenue below $1,130,000 do not pay any tax, but must file a “no tax due report.” LLCs with annualized revenue greater than $1,130,000 pay a graduated tax that is calculated based on a complex formula.
Due Date: Due by May 15 each year. Reports do not need to be filed in the same year that an LLC is formed. If your LLC was formed in March 2018, then your first report is due on May 15, 2019.
Late Filings: Texas charges a $50 penalty for failure to file on time (whether or not you have tax due). Additionally, a late tax payment is subject to a 5% penalty fee, which increases to 10% if you pay after 30 days.
Recommendation: The Texas Annual Report and Franchise Tax are complex, visit the Texas Comptroller website for more information.
Avoid Automatic Dissolution
LLCs may face fines and even automatic dissolution when they miss one or more state filings. When this happens, LLC owners risk loss of limited liability protection. A quality registered agent service can help prevent this outcome by notifying you of upcoming filing deadlines, and even submitting reports on your behalf for an additional fee.
Recommended: ZenBusiness offers a reliable registered agent service and excellent customer support.
If you plan to hire employees for your Texas LLC, stay compliant with the law by following these steps:
- Verify that new employees are able to work in the US
- Report employees as "new hires" to the State
- Provide workers' compensation insurance for employees
- Withhold employee taxes
- Print compliance posters and place them in visible areas of your work space
Find more information at the Texas Workforce Commission website.
Recommended: Check out our Hiring for your Small Business Guide for resources like sample job descriptions, payroll service reviews, and more.
FAQ: Hiring Employees
What is the minimum wage in Texas?
The minimum wage in Texas is $7.25 per hour.
How often do I need to pay employees?
Texas requires employees who are non-exempt from overtime to be paid semi-monthly. Employees that are exempt from overtime can be paid on a monthly basis.
We understand that creating an LLC in Texas and getting your business up and running comes with many challenges. To help you succeed, we compiled the best local resources in every major metro area in Texas. You can get free assistance in the following areas:
Small Business Resources
Women in Business Tools and Resources
If you have a woman-owned business, many resources are available to help you concentrate on your business’s growth:
- Funding - (ie. grants, investors, loans)
- Events - (ie. conferences, meetups)
- Guides - (ie. business formation, personal growth)
- Support - (ie. advice, communities, business strategies)
Our information and tools will provide educational sources, allow you to connect with other women entrepreneurs, and help you manage your business with ease.
Free LLC Legal Forms
TRUiC offers a number of free LLC legal forms to help with creating documents like:
- Operating agreements
- LLC resolutions
Hiring documents, including:
- Employment contracts
- Independent contractor service agreements (ICSA)
- Non-disclosure agreements (NDA)
All you’ll need to do to download the forms is sign up for the TRUiC Business Center, which is also free, forever.
How to Make a Website
Check out our how to build a website guide to learn how creating a website isn’t as difficult as it might seem. With the right tools, a good guide, and a bit of patience, you can learn how to make a website for your business in no time.
Recommended: Read our review to find the best website builder to create your new small business website.
How to Build Business Credit
Learning how to build business credit can help you get credit cards and other business funding options in your business's name (instead of yours), with better interest rates, higher lines of credit, and more.
TRUiC’s Small Business Tools
TRUiC believes business tools should be free and useful. Our tools help solve business challenges, from finding an idea for your business, to creating a business plan, writing an operating agreement for your LLC, and more.
Check out TRUiC’s small business tools:
TRUiC has created video guides to support and reinforce our on-page guides. These videos help to visualize the ideas and lessons that you need to know to create and run a successful business.
Check out our growing library of small business videos on the TRUiC YouTube channel.
More Texas LLC Information
Texas Foreign LLCs
Forming a foreign LLC allows your company to operate as one entity in multiple states. If you have an existing LLC and want to do business in Texas, you will need to register as a foreign LLC. This can be done by mail or online.
Register as a Foreign LLC in Texas
How to Obtain a Certificate of Good Standing in Texas
A Certificate of Good Standing, known in Texas as a Certificate of Status, verifies that your LLC in Texas was legally formed and has been properly maintained. Several instances where you might need to get one include:
- Seeking funding from banks or other lenders
- Forming your business as a foreign LLC in another state
- Obtaining or renewing specific business licenses or permits
You can order a Texas LLC Certificate of Status online.
Order a Certificate of Good Standing
Request a Texas Certificate of Status Online
Fee: $15 (Nonrefundable)
How to Dissolve an LLC in Texas
If at any point in the future you no longer wish to conduct business with your LLC, it is important to officially dissolve it. Failure to do so in a timely fashion can result in tax liabilities and penalties, or even legal trouble. To dissolve your Texas LLC, there are two broad steps:
- Close your business tax accounts
- File the Articles of Dissolution
When you are ready to dissolve your LLC, follow the steps in our Texas LLC Dissolution Guide.
Read More about LLCs & How to Run a Business
State of Texas Quick Links
- Secretary of State Corporations Section
- Official Texas Wide Open for Business
- SBA's Small Business Resource for Dallas / Ft. Worth Dallas / Ft. Worth
- SBA's Small Business Resource for El Paso
- SBA's Small Business Resource for Harlingen / Corpus Christi
- SBA's Small Business Resource for Houston
- SBA's Small Business Resource for Lubbock
- SBA's Small Business Resource for San Antonio
- Texas LLC Statutes
LLC: An LLC is a US business structure that offers the personal liability protection of a corporation with the pass-through taxation of a sole proprietorship or partnership.
DBA: A DBA, or doing business as name, is any name a business operates under that isn't its legal name.
Partnership: A partnership is an informal business structure owned by more than one individual that doesn't provide personal liability protection.