A good job description should include a company overview and job overview, as well as an explanation of the associated responsibilities, skills & qualifications, and work environment. Below are some general guidelines for writing each of these sections effectively.
1. COMPANY OVERVIEW
Providing an accurate, concise description of your business is a great way to attract the right employees. Think of this section as an advertisement for your company -- why should prospective employees want to join your team?
Some useful things to include here are:
- Core company values
- Mission statement
- Brief history of your organization
- Anticipated growth
- Business goals
2. JOB OVERVIEW
In a few sentences, describe the purpose, importance, and fundamental qualities of the position being offered. No need to be too specific or comprehensive here -- the idea is to provide a zoomed-out image of the role the applicant would be filling in your company.
This is where you’ll outline the specific day-to-day responsibilities of the job. Bullet-point format is typically the most practical way to present this information.
4. NECESSARY SKILLS & QUALIFICATIONS
List in bulleted format the skills & qualifications that are absolutely essential to this position. Consider as many specific conditions of the job as possible in order to create a complete list of qualifications an applicant must have in order to succeed.
5. PREFERRED SKILLS & QUALIFICATIONS
List in bulleted format the skills & qualifications that are not essential, but would make an applicant more eligible for the position being offered.
6. WORK ENVIRONMENT
Describe the environment in which the applicant would be spending most of their time. In this description, include information about:
- Company culture
- Pace of work
- Amount of collaborative vs. independent activity
- Who the employee will report to (or vice versa)
Below is our longshoreman job description. You can post it as-is to an online job board like ZipRecruiter, or download and customize it to match the unique aspects of your business. Keep in mind that adding a custom company overview and description of the work environment (outlined above) will help you draw in the right applicants.
Longshoreman Job Description
We seek a longshoreman to join our expanding dockyard team. Success in this role requires a focus on safety along with an ability to work swiftly and earnestly to ensure maximum profits. The longshoreman will assist with loading and unloading cargo, and inspecting for possible damage while docked in the harbor. Ideal candidates understand basic dockyard signals and instructions, thriving in a fast-paced environment.
- Ensure work areas remain clear of any obstructions and debris
- Consistently maintain awareness of surroundings and potential safety hazards
- Ability to accurately follow vessel instructions and loading plans
- Prepare cargo for lifting
- Ability to safely operate chainsaws, forklifts, cranes, tractors, and trailers
- Load and unload cargo to and from vessels’ holds
- Ensure cargo is safely secured on vessels
- Ensure dockyard is in compliance with all safety procedures and policies
- Notify supervisor of damaged or unsafe cargo and any other concerns that could cause illness, injury, or property damage
- Attend all safety training and meetings
Necessary Skills & Qualifications:
- All applicants must submit safety records for review
- Previous dock experience or related field
- Must successfully complete a physical examination, background check, and pass a drug screening
- Extensive experience operating heavy equipment (e.g., cranes, forklifts, and tractors)
- Ability to follow instructions and work successfully with minimal supervision
- Strong verbal and written communication skills
- Thrives in a fast-paced environment
- Undeterred by confined spaces, heights, and loud noises
- Basic math skills
- Ability to work in adverse weather conditions, lift up to 70 pounds, and move in and out of awkward positions
- Willing to pass a safety rules examination and complete annual training
- Ability to pass required, random testing for drugs and/or alcohol
Preferred Skills & Qualifications:
- High school diploma or GED
- At least 18 years old
- Valid driver's license
- Heavy mechanical repair experience preferred
- Work hours may include nights, weekends, public holidays, and overtime
ENSURE LEGAL COMPLIANCE
Hiring employees can be an intimidating and time-consuming process, but it doesn’t have to be. We’ve created a hiring compliance checklist to help you get over the legal hurdles with ease. From obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to confirming work eligibility, our guide covers everything you need to know.
SET UP PAYROLL
Even if your business only has a few employees, setting up a payroll service can save you time for running your business and also ensure that your company is compliant with important federal requirements, such as employee withholding.
We recommend Gusto, a user-friendly payroll platform for small businesses. Try out their services and get one month free.
ACQUIRE WORKERS' COMP INSURANCE
Workers’ compensation insurance provides financial and legal protection for your business and its employees.
Whether or not you need workers’ comp insurance for your company depends on the nature of the job, the employer-employee relationship, and the unique regulations of your state.