How to Form an LLC in Michigan

Cost to Start an LLC in Michigan

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Starting an LLC in Michigan is easy, just follow these simple steps:

To start an LLC in Michigan, you will need to file your Articles of Organization with the State of Michigan, which costs $50. You can apply online, in-person, or by mail. The Articles of Organization is the legal document that officially creates your Michigan Limited Liability Company.

Follow the step-by-step guide below to form a Michigan LLC today and get your business up and running.

Steps to start an L L C in Michigan

STEP 1: Name your Michigan LLC

Choosing a company name is the first and most important step in forming an LLC in Michigan. Be sure to choose a business name that complies with Michigan naming laws and requirements and is easily searchable by potential business clients.

1. Follow the naming guidelines for a Michigan LLC:

  • Your name must include the phrase “limited liability company” or one of its abbreviations (LLC or L.L.C.).
  • Your name cannot include words that could confuse your LLC with a government agency (FBI, Treasury, State Department, etc.).
  • Restricted words (e.g. Bank, Attorney, University) may require additional legal paperwork and a licensed individual, such as a doctor or lawyer, to be part of your LLC.
  • For a complete list of naming rules in Michigan, you can visit the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs website.

2. Is the name available in Michigan? Make sure the business name you want isn't already taken by doing a name search online through the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA).

3. Is the URL available? We recommend that you check to see if your business name is available as a web domain. Even if you don't plan to create a business website today, you may want to buy the URL in order to prevent others from acquiring it.

Find a Domain Now

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After registering a domain name, consider setting up a professional email account (@yourcompany.com). Google's G Suite offers a business email service that comes with other useful tools, including word processing, spreadsheets, and more. Try it for free

FAQ: Naming an LLC

What is an LLC?

LLC is short for Limited Liability Company. It is a simple business structure that offers more flexibility than a traditional corporation while providing many of the same benefits. An LLC is one of several business structures, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation (C-Corp and S-Corp). For more information, read our What is an LLC guide.

Watch our 2 minute video: What is an LLC?

Do I need to get a DBA or Trade Name for my business?

Most LLCs do not need a DBA (Doing Business As). The name of the LLC can serve as your company’s brand name and you can accept checks and other payments under that name as well. However, you may wish to register a DBA if you would like to conduct business under another name.

To learn more about DBAs in your state, read our How to File a DBA in Michigan guide.

STEP 2: Choose a Resident Agent in Michigan

You are required to appoint and maintain a Resident Agent for your Michigan LLC. A Resident Agent is more commonly known as a Registered Agent in other states.

What is a Resident Agent? A resident agent is an individual or business entity responsible for receiving important tax forms, legal documents, notice of lawsuits, and official government correspondence on behalf of your business. Think of your registered agent as your business' point of contact with the state.

Who can be a Resident Agent? A resident agent must be a resident of Michigan or a corporation, such as a registered agent service, authorized to conduct business in the state of Michigan. You may elect an individual within the company including yourself.

TIP

Recommended: ZenBusiness includes Registered Agent Service with their LLC formation package ($39 for the 1st year + State Fees).

FAQ: Nominating a Registered Agent

Can I be my own Resident Agent?

Yes. You or anyone else in your company can serve as the registered agent for your Michigan LLC.

Read more about being your own resident agent.

Is a Registered Agent service worth it?

Using a professional Registered Agent service is an affordable way to manage government filings for your LLC. For most businesses, the advantages of hiring a professional registered agent service significantly outweigh the annual costs.

For more information, read our article on Michigan resident agents.

STEP 3: File Your Michigan LLC Articles of Organization

To register your Michigan LLC, you will need to file the Articles of Organization with the Michigan Corporations Division. You can apply online, by mail, or in-person. Some states refer to the Articles of Organization as the Certificate of Formation or Certificate of Organization.

The Articles of Organization for an LLC (limited liability company) in Michigan is a legal document to officially form your business. You’ll be expected to provide the name of your LLC, choose a resident agent, list the services your LLC will offer, and pay the state filing fee. After you file the Articles of Organization, we recommend you obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) if you plan to hire employees and open a business bank account.

When filing the Articles of Organization for your Michigan LLC, you will need to state whether your LLC will be member-managed or manager-managed. Read our guide about member-managed and manager-managed LLCs before you file.

File the Michigan LLC Articles of Organization

OPTION 1: File Online with the State of Michigan

File Online

- OR -

OPTION 2: File by Mail or In-Person

Download Form


State Filing Cost: $50, payable to the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (Nonrefundable)

Mail to:

Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
Corporations, Securities & Commercial Licensing Bureau -- Corporations Division
P.O. Box 30054
Lansing, MI 48909

If you’re expanding your existing LLC to the State of Michigan, you will need to form a Foreign LLC.

FAQ: Filing LLC Documents

What is the processing time to form my Michigan LLC?

24 hours online, 3 to 5 business days by mail, but may be expedited for an additional fee.

What is the difference between a domestic Michigan LLC and foreign LLC?

An LLC is referred to as a "domestic LLC" when it conducts business in the state where it was formed. Normally when we refer to an LLC we are actually referring to a domestic LLC. A foreign LLC must be formed when an existing LLC wishes to expand its business to another state.

Read our What Is a Foreign LLC article to learn more.

STEP 4: Create a Michigan LLC Operating Agreement

An operating agreement is not required for an LLC in Michigan, but it's a good practice to have one.

What is an operating agreement? An operating agreement is a legal document outlining the ownership and operating procedures of an LLC.

Why are operating agreements important? A comprehensive operating agreement ensures that all business owners are on the same page and reduces the risk of future conflict.

For more information on operating agreements, read our Michigan LLC operating agreement guide.

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Recommended: Download a template or create a Free Operating Agreement using our tool.

FAQ: Creating a Michigan LLC Operating Agreement

Do I need to file my operating agreement with the state?

No. The Michigan LLC operating agreement is an internal document that you should keep on file for future reference. However, many states do legally require LLCs to have an operating agreement in place.

STEP 5: Get an EIN for Your Michigan LLC

What is an EIN? The Employer Identification Number (EIN), Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN), is a nine-digit number issued by the Internal Revenue System (IRS); an Employer ID Number is used to identify a business entity and keep track of a business’s tax reporting. It is essentially a social security number (SSN) for the company.

Why do I need an EIN? An EIN number is required for the following:

  • To open a business bank account for the company
  • For Federal and State tax purposes
  • To hire employees for the company

Where do I get an EIN? An EIN is obtained from the IRS (free of charge) by the business owner after forming the company. This can be done online or by mail.

NOTE

FOR INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS: you do not need an SSN to obtain an EIN. For more information, read our guide on how to obtain an EIN as a foreign LLC.

Get an EIN

Option 1: Request an EIN from the IRS

Apply Online

- OR -

Option 2: Apply for an EIN by Mail or Fax

Download Form

Mail to:
Internal Revenue Service
Attn: EIN Operation
Cincinnati, OH 45999

Fax: (855) 641-6935

Fee: Free

FAQ: Getting an EIN

How do I obtain an EIN if I don’t have a social security number?

An SSN is not required to get an EIN. You can simply fill out IRS Form SS-4 and leave section 7b blank. Then call the IRS at 267-941-1099 to complete your EIN application. Learn more about applying as an international applicant.

What tax structure should I choose for my LLC?

When you obtain an EIN, you will be informed of the different tax classification options that are available. Most LLCs elect the default tax status.

However, some LLCs can reduce their federal tax obligation by choosing S corporation status. We recommend consulting with a local accountant to find out which option is best for you.

Considering Using an LLC Formation Service?

We reviewed and ranked the top 5 LLC formation companies.
Find out which is the best LLC service for you.

Best LLC Services

Protect Your Business & Personal Assets

Get a Business Bank Account & Credit Card

Using dedicated business banking and credit accounts is essential for personal asset protection.

When your personal and business accounts are mixed, your personal assets (your home, car, and other valuables) are at risk in the event your Michigan LLC is sued. In business law, this is referred to as piercing your corporate veil.

You can protect your LLC in Michigan with these two steps:

1. Opening a business bank account:

  • Separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection.
  • Makes accounting and tax filing easier.
A cube with LLC printed on its sides

Recommended: Get $200 when you open a business checking account with Chase. Learn more.

2. Getting a business credit card:

  • Helps you separate personal and business expenses.
  • Builds your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise capital later on.
A cube with LLC printed on its sides

Recommended: Learn more about the best small business credit cards.

Get Business Insurance

Business insurance helps you manage risks and focus on growing your LLC. The most common types of business insurance are:

  • General Liability Insurance: A broad insurance policy that protects your business from lawsuits. Most small businesses get general liability insurance.
  • Professional Liability Insurance: A business insurance for professional service providers (consultants, accountants, etc.) that covers against claims of malpractice and other business errors.
  • Workers' Compensation Insurance: A type of insurance that provides coverage for employees’ job-related illnesses, injuries, or deaths. In Michigan, businesses with one or more employees, including LLC members and corporate officers, are required by law to have workers compensation insurance. Get a free quote with ADP.
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How much will the right business insurance cost you? Click here to find the best insurance for you.

Properly Sign Legal Documents

Improperly signing a legal document as yourself and not as a representative of the business can leave you open to personal liability. When signing legal documents on behalf of your LLC in Michigan, you could follow this formula to avoid problems:

  1. Formal name of your business
  2. Your signature
  3. Your name
  4. Your position in the business as its authorized representative

See the image below for an example.

How to properly sign a legal document: 1. Signature 2. Company Name 3. Printed Name 4. A Title

This ensures that you are signing on behalf of your Michigan LLC and not as yourself.

A cube with LLC printed on its sides

Learn more on how to protect your business & personal assets by reading our article - How to Maintain your LLC Corporate Veil.

Keep Your Company Compliant

Michigan Business Permits & Licenses

Do I need a Michigan business license and permit?

To operate your LLC in Michigan you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. For example, restaurants likely need health permits, building permits, signage permits, etc.

The details of business licenses and permits vary from state to state. Make sure you read carefully. Don't be surprised if there are short classes required as well.

Fees for a Michigan business license and permit will vary depending on what sort of license you are seeking to obtain.

Find out how to obtain necessary Michigan business licenses and permits for your LLC or have a professional service do it for you:

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Recommended: If you are a first-time entrepreneur, consider having a professional service research your business’ licensing requirements. Our friends at Startup Savant have reviewed and ranked the top five license research services.

Michigan LLC Tax Filing Requirements

Depending on the nature of your business, you may be required to register for one or more forms of state tax.

Sales Tax

If you are selling a physical product, you’ll typically need to register for a sellers permit online through the Michigan Department of Treasury website.

This certificate allows a business to collect sales tax on taxable sales.

Sales tax, also called "Sales and Use Tax," is a tax levied by states, counties, and municipalities on business transactions involving the exchange of certain taxable goods or services.

Read our sales tax guide to find out more.

Employer Taxes

If you have employees in Michigan, you will need to register for Unemployment Insurance Tax through the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency. You will also need to sign up for Employee Withholding Tax through the Michigan Department of Treasury.

A cube with LLC printed on its sides

Register for Michigan State Taxes

Sales Tax | Unemployment Insurance Tax | Withholding Tax

Federal LLC Tax Filing Requirements

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Read our LLC Tax Guide to learn more about federal income taxes for LLCs.

File Your LLC Annual Statement

Michigan requires LLCs to file an annual statement with the State of Michigan.

File Your Annual Statement

File Online with the State of Michigan

File Online

Fee: $25, payable to the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (Nonrefundable)

Due Date: Due by February 15 each year

Late Filings: Michigan charges a $50 late fee for missing the February 15th filing deadline.

Avoid Automatic Dissolution

LLCs may face fines and even automatic dissolution when they miss one or more state filings. When this happens, LLC owners risk loss of limited liability protection. A quality registered agent service can help prevent this outcome by notifying you of upcoming filing deadlines and by submitting reports on your behalf.

A cube with LLC printed on its sides

Recommended: ZenBusiness offers a reliable registered agent service and excellent customer support.

Get Help Starting a Business in Michigan

We understand that creating an LLC in Michigan and getting your business up and running comes with many challenges. To help you succeed, we compiled the best local resources in every major metro area in Michigan. You can get free assistance in the following areas:

Ann Arbor | Detroit | Grand Rapids | Lansing

Make Running Your Business Easier

After starting a business, two of the most important things you can do are get professional accounting and hire the right employees. Streamlining these processes can save you time and money as your business grows.

Hiring Employees

If you plan to hire employees for your business, stay compliant with the law by following these steps:

Find more information on the Michigan LARA guide for employers.

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Recommended: Check out our Hiring for your Small Business Guide for resources like sample job descriptions, payroll service reviews, and more.

FAQ: Hiring Employees in Michigan

What is the minimum wage in Michigan?

The minimum wage in Michigan is $9.45 per hour. 

How often do I need to pay employees?

Payday frequency rules in Michigan depend on occupation.

Accounting For Your LLC

It’s critical to get your books in order-- even if you haven’t officially opened for business. A well-managed accounting system will help you:

  • Track your business finances, including bills, expenses, and income.
  • Simplify your annual tax filings.

The right software makes accounting easy. Look for software that:

  • Syncs with your bank automatically.
  • Matches transactions to invoices, bills and purchase orders.
  • Can be accessed from your phone.
A cube with LLC printed on its sides

Recommended: QuickBooks has all the accounting features your small business will need.
Try QuickBooks for free

Women in Business Tools and Resources

If you have a woman-owned business, many resources are available to help you concentrate on your business’s growth:

  • Funding - (ie. grants, investors, loans) 
  • Events - (ie. conferences, meetups)
  • Guides - (ie. business formation, personal growth)
  • Support - (ie. advice, communities, business strategies)

Our information and tools will provide educational sources, allow you to connect with other women entrepreneurs, and help you manage your business with ease.

Video Guides

TRUiC has created video guides to support and reinforce our on-page guides. These videos help to visualize the ideas and lessons that you need to know to create and run a successful business.

How to Form a Michigan LLC Video Playlist 
Business Ideas Video Playlist

Check out our growing library of small business videos on the TRUiC YouTube channel.

More Information

Foreign LLCs

Forming a foreign LLC allows your company to operate as one entity in multiple states. If you have an existing LLC and want to do business in Michigan, you will need to register as a foreign LLC. This can be done by mail.

Register as a Foreign LLC in Michigan

File by Mail with the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs

Download Form

Fee: $50, payable to the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (Nonrefundable)

Mail to:

Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
Corporations, Securities & Commercial Licensing Bureau
Corporations Division
P.O. Box 30054
Lansing, MI 48909

How to Obtain a Certificate of Good Standing

A Certificate of Good Standing verifies that your LLC in Michigan was legally formed and has been properly maintained. Several instances where you might need to get one include:

  • Seeking funding from banks or other lenders
  • Forming your business as a foreign LLC in another state
  • Obtaining or renewing specific Michigan business licenses or permits

In Michigan, you must file a physical form by mail, fax, or in person. 

Order a Certificate of Good Standing

Request Certificate of Good Standing by Mail, Fax, or In-Person

Download Form

Fee: $10, payable to the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA) (Nonrefundable)

Dissolve Your Michigan LLC

If at any point in the future you no longer wish to conduct business with your LLC, it is important to officially dissolve it. Failure to do so in a timely fashion can result in tax liabilities and penalties, or even legal trouble. To dissolve your Michigan LLC, there are two broad steps:

  • Close your business tax accounts
  • File the Articles of Dissolution

When you are ready to dissolve your LLC, follow the steps in our Michigan LLC Dissolution Guide.

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