STEP 1: Name your LLC


This is the first and most important step in starting your LLC. Do some research to make sure the name you choose is suited to your business venture and is easily searchable by potential clients.

  1. Follow the Connecticut naming guidelines: Your entity name must contain the words Limited Liability Company or the abbreviation L.L.C. or LLC. Restricted words (e.g. Bank, Attorney, University) require additional paperwork and may require a licensed individual, such as a doctor or lawyer, to be part of the LLC. Prohibited words are those that would confuse the name of your LLC with a federal or state agency (e.g. FBI, Secret Service, Treasury etc.)
  2. Is the name available in Connecticut? Make sure the name isn't already taken by doing a name search on the State of Connecticut website.
  3. Is the URL available? Check to see if the name of your LLC is available so that you can reserve your domain name. Even if you don't plan to make a website today, you may want to buy the domain name in order to prevent others from acquiring it.

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STEP 2: Choose a Statutory Agent


You are required to nominate a Statutory Agent for your Connecticut LLC.

What is a Statutory Agent? A statutory agent, also known as a registered agent, is a person or business that agrees to send and receive legal papers on behalf of your LLC. Such papers include service of process of legal action (if you are sued) and state filings.

Who can be a Statutory Agent? The Statutory agent must be a resident of Connecticut or a corporation authorized to transact business in Connecticut. You may elect an individual within the company including yourself.

Click here to learn more about the role of a statutory agent, and why you may wish to consider hiring a professional statutory agent service.

* Recommended: INCFILE.COM provides free registered agent service for the first year as part of their LLC Packages.

STEP 3: File the Articles of Organization


To register your LLC, you will need to file the Articles of Organization with the state of Connecticut. This can be done by mail or in-person.

When filing the Articles of Organization you will need to decide if your LLC will be member managed or manager managed. Read our article on the topic to learn more.

File the Articles of Organization for a Domestic LLC

Download PDF

Fee: Nonrefundable $120, payable to Secretary of State.
Make check, cashier's check or money order payable to the Connecticut Secretary of State.

Follow the instructions on the PDF.

Important: If you're expanding your existing LLC to the State of Connecticut you are forming a Foreign LLC. Learn how.

STEP 4: Create an Operating Agreement


An operating agreement is not required in Connecticut, but it's a good practice to have one.

What is an Operating Agreement? An operating agreement is a legal document outlining the ownership and operating procedures of your LLC. Learn more about operating agreements here.

* Recommended: Check out our free sample operating agreement

STEP 5: Obtain an EIN


What is an EIN? The Employer Identification Number (EIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number, is used to identify a business entity. It is essentially a social security number for the company.

Why do I need an EIN? An EIN is required when filing state and federal taxes. In addition, banks may require an EIN to open a business checking account.

Where do I get an EIN? An EIN is obtained from the IRS (free of charge) by the business owner after forming the company. This can be done by one of two ways:

Click here to learn more about EINs and further details on how to register for one with the IRS.

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Six Key Steps
After Forming A Business

1. Separate Personal Assets from the LLC


Opening a business bank account is an important first step, as it:

  • Separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection.
  • Makes accounting and tax filing easier.

Getting a business credit card allows you to:

  • Separate personal and business expenses.
  • Build your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise money for your company later.

2. Register Your LLC for Connecticut State Tax


Do I need to register for State taxes?

*Recommended: Learn more about LLC taxes by reading TRUiC's LLC Tax Guide.

3. Accounting


Even if you haven’t officially opened for business – it’s critical to get your books in order. A well managed accounting system will help you:

  • Track your business finances, including bills, expenses and income.
  • Simplify your annual tax filings.

The right software makes accounting easy. Look for software that:

  • Syncs with your bank automatically.
  • Matches transactions to invoices, bills and purchase orders.
  • Can be accessed from your phone.

*Recommended: QuickBooks has all the accounting features your small business will need.
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4. Obtain Business Licenses & Permits


Do I need business licenses and permits?

To operate your LLC you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. For example, restaurants likely need health permits, building permits, signage permits, etc.

The details of business licenses and permits vary from state to state. Make sure you read carefully. Don't be surprised if there are short classes required as well.

Fees for business licenses and permits will vary depending on what sort of license you are seeking to obtain.

Find out how to obtain necessary licenses and permits for your business or have a professional service do it for you:

5. Get Insurance


What is Workers Compensation Insurance? This form of insurance is required for most businesses with employees, but varies by state. Click here to learn more.

What is General Liability Insurance? This is an important service, but is not required in most states. Click here to learn why.

How much will the right insurance cost you? Click here to find out.

6. Employee Hiring Compliance


When you decide to hire employees, you must follow these legal requirements:

Find more information about New Hire Reporting at Connecticut Department of Labor

Recommended: A payroll service saves you time and makes it easier to follow these requirements.

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How to Start a Business in Connecticut

5 easy steps to starting a business in Connecticut.
We have a far more detailed guide - How to Start a Business which will go over the points in more details.

Identify a suitable business idea that works for you - Check out our Business Ideas Tool.

Critically analyze your idea with our Lean Business Model Canvas Tool. You can then go on to create a full business plan with our Free Online Business Plan Tool.

Formally organize your Business into a company. An LLC is the most popular way to structure your business. Learn how to Form your LLC in Connecticut.

Build your website and develop your brand.

How to Maintain Your LLC

To maintain a Connecticut LLC, it is necessary to make periodic filings with the State of Connecticut. Learn how to keep your LLC in good standing and avoid state penalties.

Annual Report


Connecticut requires LLCs to file an annual report with the Connecticut Secretary of State

File an Annual Report with the State of Connecticut

Due Date: Due every year by the end of the month in which the LLC was formed.

Fee: Filing fee is $20

Late Filings: Connecticut does not charge late fees if you miss your filing deadline but will revoke your "good standing" status with the state. Connecticut may dissolve your LLC after 1 year for failure to file an annual report.

Franchise Tax


Some states impose an annual franchise tax or business license tax for the privilege of operating an LLC. In Connecticut, every LLC is required to pay a biennial Business Entity Tax.

File the Business Entity Tax in Connecticut

File Online

- or -

Download Form

Tax Calculation: Every LLC is required to pay a biennial (every other year) tax of $250. Every LLC treated as a partnership by the federal government is required to electronically file form CT-1056/CT-1120SI.

Due Date: Both the BET and form CT-1056/CT-1120SI are due on the 15th day of the fourth month following every other tax year.

Late Filings: Late filing will incur penalty interest on any unpaid tax at a rate of 1% per month. If no tax is due, a $50 fine may be imposed for late filing.

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Income Reporting Requirements


The IRS treats all multi-member LLCs as partnerships, unless they choose to be taxed as a C-Corp or S-Corp. Therefore, most multi-member LLCs are required to report their income to the IRS using a Form 1065 Partnership Return.

Avoid Dissolution


Each year, thousands of LLCs are fined or unknowingly dissolved for missing an important state filing, such as an annual report. When this happens, LLC owners risk loss of limited liability protection. A registered agent service can help prevent this outcome by notifying you of upcoming filing deadlines and submitting reports on your behalf.

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Obtain a Certificate of Good Standing

A Certificate of Good Standing verifies that your LLC was legally formed and has been properly maintained. In Connecticut, a Certificate of Good standing is known as a Certificate of Legal Existence. Several instances where you might need to obtain one include:

  • Seeking funding from banks or other lenders
  • Forming your business as a foreign LLC in another state
  • Obtaining or renewing specific business licenses or permits

Order a Certificate of Legal Existence in Connecticut online through the Connecticut Secretary of State Website

Order Online

-or-

Download the form to mail, or deliver in person

Download Form

How to Dissolve an Connecticut LLC

If you no longer wish to conduct business with your LLC, it is important to officially dissolve it. Failure to do so in a timely fashion can result in tax liabilities and penalties, or even legal trouble. To dissolve your LLC, there are two broad steps:

  • Close your business tax accounts
  • File the Articles of Dissolution

Learn More Here


Foreign LLC in Connecticut

If you have an existing LLC and want to register to do business in Connecticut, you will need to form a foreign LLC.

File a Foreign LLC in Connecticut

Fee: $120 - Follow the instructions on the PDF.

Benefits of Forming a Foreign LLC
The major benefit of becoming a foreign corporation is that it allows your company to operate as one entity in many jurisdictions. For example, if you originally incorporate your LLC the State of Delaware, you can file your existing domestic LLC as a foreign corporation in other states.