To Start an LLC in the District of Columbia, Follow the Simple Steps Listed Below:

STEP 1: Name your LLC

This is the first and most important step in starting your LLC. Do some research to make sure the name you choose is suited to your business venture and is easily searchable by potential clients.

  1. Follow the naming guidelines: Your entity name must contain the words Limited Liability Company or the abbreviation L.L.C. or LLC. Restricted words require additional paperwork (e.g. Banc, Bank, Banque, etc) and/or licensed individuals (e.g. Doctor, Engineer, etc). to be part of the LLC. Prohibited words are those that would confuse the name of your LLC with a federal or state agency e.g. FBI, Secret Service, Treasury etc.
  2. Is the name available? Make sure the name isn't already taken by doing a name search on the District of Columbia website.
  3. Is the URL available? Check to see if the name of your LLC is available so that you can reserve your domain name. Even if you don't plan to make a website today, you may want to buy the domain name in order to prevent others from acquiring it.

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An email address is also something to consider when choosing a name. Get a professional email (@yourcompany.com) with Google apps. Also get access to the top business tools, cloud storage, and business-grade security. - Try it for free

STEP 2: Choose a Registered Agent

You are required to nominate a Registered Agent for your District of Columbia LLC

What is a Registered Agent? A registered agent is a person or business nominated by your company to officially receive and send papers on your behalf including annual state filings.

Who can be a Registered Agent? The registered agent must be a resident in the District of Columbia or a corporation authorized to transact business in the District of Columbia. You may elect an individual within the company including yourself.

Click here to find out why you may want to use a registered agent service.

* Recommended: INCFILE.COM provides free registered agent service for the first year as part of their LLC Packages.

STEP 3: File the Articles of Organization

To register your LLC, you will need to file the Articles of Organization with the District of Columbia.

File the Articles of Organization for a Domestic LLC

File Online

- or -

Download the PDF

Fee: A nonrefundable fee of $220. Walk-in Customers will be charged an additional $100.

Follow the instructions on the form you choose.

Important: If you're expanding your existing LLC to the District of Columbia you are forming a Foreign LLC. Learn how.

STEP 4: Create an Operating Agreement

What is an Operating Agreement? An operating agreement is a legal document outlining the ownership and operating procedures of your LLC. This agreement allows you to form financial/working relationships with co-owners into an established system suitable to your business. An Operating Agreement is not required to form an LLC in the District of Columbia, but is good practice to have one.

* Recommended: We provide a free sample operating agreement however we recommend getting one professional drafted by a lawyer, especially if you are starting a multi-member LLC.

STEP 5: Obtain an EIN

What is an EIN? The Employer Identification Number (EIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number, is used to identify a business entity. It is essentially a social security number for the company.

Why do I need an EIN? An EIN is required for the following:

  • To open a business bank account for the company
  • For Federal and State tax purposes
  • To hire employees for the company

Where do I get an EIN? An EIN is obtained from the IRS (free of charge) by the business owner after forming the company. This can be done by one of two ways:

* Important: An EIN is obtained after the LLC is formed. Obtaining an EIN registers the company for federal taxes.

Considering using a Formation Service?

We have detailed reviews on IncFile and LegalZoom LLC formation Services.
Find out exactly what to expect when using their services.

Six Key Steps
After Forming A Business

1. Separate Personal Assets from the LLC

Opening a business bank account is an important first step, as it:

  • Separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection.
  • Makes accounting and tax filing easier.

Getting a business credit card allows you to:

  • Separate personal and business expenses.
  • Build your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise money for your company later.

2. Register Your LLC for Washington, D.C. State Tax

Do I need to register for State taxes?

Register for Washington-DC state taxes using Washington, D.C.'s FR-500 New Business Registration system

*Recommended: Learn more about sales tax by reading our informative guide: Sales Tax for Small Businesses.

3. Accounting

Even if you haven’t officially opened for business – it’s critical to get your books in order. A well managed accounting system will help you:

  • Track your business finances, including bills, expenses and income.
  • Simplify your annual tax filings.

The right software makes accounting easy. Look for software that:

  • Syncs with your bank automatically.
  • Matches transactions to invoices, bills and purchase orders.
  • Can be accessed from your phone.

*Recommended: Xero has the features that all small businesses need.
Try Xero FREE for 30 days and get 30% off your first 6-months.

4. Obtain Business Licenses & Permits

Do I need business licenses and permits?

To operate your LLC you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. For example, restaurants likely need health permits, building permits, signage permits, etc.

Find out how to obtain necessary licenses and permits for your business:

The details of business licenses and permits vary from state to state. Make sure you read carefully. Don't be surprised if there are short classes required as well.

Fees for business licenses and permits will vary depending on what sort of license you are seeking to obtain.

5. Get Insurance

What is Workers Compensation Insurance? This form of insurance is required for most businesses with employees, but varies by State. Click here to learn more.

What is General Liability Insurance? This is an important service, but is not required in most States. Click here to learn why.

How much will the right insurance cost you? Click here to find out.

6. Employee Hiring Compliance

Once a business decides to hire employees, certain legal obligations are required, such as:

  • Ensuring that potential employees are eligible to work in the US
  • Reporting employees as "new hires" to the State
  • Providing workers compensation insurance for employees
  • Withholding income taxes
  • Printing compliance posters and place in a conspicuous location
  • Ensuring payment of employees in specific increments as required by the state

Find out more information at District of Columbia Directory of New Hires.

A great resource for posting jobs and finding qualified employees is Indeed.com

How to Start a Business in the District of Columbia

5 easy steps to starting a business in the District of Columbia.
We have a far more detailed guide - How to Start a Business which will go over the points in more details.

  1. Identify a suitable business idea that works for you - Check out our Business Ideas Tool.
  2. Critically analyze your idea with our Lean Business Model Canvas Tool. You can then go on to create a full business plan with our Free Online Business Plan Tool.
  3. Formally organize your Business into a company. An LLC is the most popular way to structure your business. Learn how to Form your LLC in the District of Columbia.
  4. Complete important key steps after formation such as acquiring business licences & permits, registering for state taxes, and opening a business bank account.
  5. Build your website and develop your brand. Learn more about marketing and brand establishment.

How to Maintain Your LLC

To maintain a District of Columbia LLC, it is necessary to make periodic filings with the District of Columbia. Learn how to keep your LLC in good standing and avoid state penalties.

Biennial Report

The District of Columbia requires LLCs to file a biennial report with the Superintendent of Corporations of DCRA.

File a Biennial Report with the District of Columbia

File Online

(Setup an account to file.)

Fee: $300

Due Date: First report is due on April first of the year following LLC formation. Thereafter, a new report must be filed every second year on April 1st.

Franchise Tax

The District of Columbia levies a franchise tax on all LLCs with more than $12,000 in gross receipts, and which are not otherwise exempt. The tax is 9.4% of all taxable income. Taxable income is derived from your LLC’s net income, minus a $5,000 exemption for unincorporated entities, and also a 30% salary allowance for the owners of your LLC.

For more information on franchise tax exemptions, see the District of Columbia’s Office of the Chief Financial Officer page.

Late Filings

The District of Columbia charges a $100 penalty for failure to file on time.

Prevention

A registered agent service can help you avoid penalties and additional fees by notifying you of upcoming filing deadlines and submitting reports on your behalf.

Recommended: INCFILE.COM offers a reliable registered agent service.

Obtain a Certificate of Good Standing

A Certificate of Good Standing verifies that your LLC was legally formed and has been properly maintained. Several instances where you might need to get one include:

  • Seeking funding from banks or other lenders
  • Forming your business as a foreign LLC in another state
  • Obtaining or renewing specific business licenses or permits

To order a Certificate of Good Standing in District of Columbia, simply request one online through the D.C. office of Tax and Revenue

Order Online

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Foreign LLC in District of Columbia

If you have an existing LLC and want to register to do business in District of Columbia, you will need to form a foreign LLC.

How to File a Foreign LLC in the District of Columbia

File Online

- or -

Download the PDF

Fee: $220 — Follow the instructions on the PDF.

Benefits of Forming a Foreign LLC
The major benefit of becoming a foreign corporation is that it allows your company to operate as one entity in many jurisdictions. For example, if you originally incorporate your LLC in the State of Delaware, you can file your existing domestic LLC as a foreign corporation in other states.