Starting an LLC in New Jersey is easy
To form an LLC in New Jersey you will need to file the Certificate of Formation with the State of New Jersey, which costs $125. You can apply online, by mail, or in-person. The Certificate of Formation is the legal document that officially creates your New Jersey Limited Liability Company.
Follow the step-by-step guide below to start your New Jersey LLC today and get your business up and running.
STEP 1: Name your New Jersey LLC
Choosing a company name is the first and most important step in forming an LLC in New Jersey. Be sure to choose a name that complies with New Jersey naming requirements and is easily searchable by potential clients.
1. Follow the naming guidelines:
- Your name must include the phrase “limited liability company” or one of its abbreviations (LLC or L.L.C.).
- Your name cannot include words that could confuse your LLC with a government agency (FBI, Treasury, State Department, etc.).
- Restricted words (e.g. Bank, Attorney, University) may require additional paperwork and a licensed individual, such as a doctor or lawyer, to be part of your LLC.
- Your name must be distinguishable from any other New Jersey limited liability company, corporation, or limited partnership.
2. Is the name available in New Jersey? Make sure the name you want isn't already taken by doing a name search on the State of New Jersey's website.
3. Is the URL available? We recommend that you check online to see if your business name is available as a web domain. Even if you don't plan to make a business website today, you may want to buy the URL in order to prevent others from acquiring it.
After registering a domain name, consider setting up a professional email account (@yourcompany.com). Google's G Suite offers a business email service that comes with other useful tools, including word processing, spreadsheets, and more. Try it for free
FAQ: Naming a New Jersey LLC
What is an LLC?
LLC is short for Limited Liability Company. It is a simple business structure that offers more flexibility than a traditional corporation while providing many of the same benefits. An LLC is one of several business structures, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation (C-Corp and S-Corp). For more information, read our What is an LLC guide.
Watch our 2 minute video: What is an LLC?
Do I need to get a DBA or Trade Name for my business?
Most LLCs do not need a DBA (Doing Business As). The name of the LLC can serve as your company’s brand name and you can accept checks and other payments under that name as well. However, you may wish to register a DBA if you would like to conduct business under another name.
To learn more about DBAs in your state, read our How to File a DBA in New Jersey guide.
STEP 2: Choose a Registered Agent in New Jersey
You are required to nominate a New Jersey registered agent for your LLC.
What is a registered agent? A registered agent is an individual or business entity responsible for receiving tax forms, legal documents, notice of lawsuits, and official government correspondence on behalf of your business. Think of your registered agent as your business' point of contact with the state.
Who can be a registered agent? a Registered Agent must be a resident of New Jersey or a corporation, such as a registered agent service, authorized to transact business in New Jersey. You may elect an individual within the company including yourself.
TIPRecommended: ZenBusiness provides the first year of registered agent service free with LLC formation ($39 + State Fees)
FAQ: Nominating a New Jersey Registered Agent
Can I be my own registered agent in New Jersey?
Yes. You or anyone else in your company can serve as the registered agent for your New Jersey LLC.
Read more about being your own registered agent.
Is a registered agent service worth it?
Using a professional registered agent service is an affordable way to manage government filings for your New Jersey LLC. For most businesses, the advantages of using a professional service significantly outweigh the annual costs.
For more information, read our article on New Jersey registered agents.
STEP 3: File the New Jersey Certificate of Formation
To register your New Jersey LLC, you will need to file the Certificate of Formation with the New Jersey Division of Revenue. You can apply online, by mail, or in-person. Some states refer to the Certificate of Formation as the Articles of Organization or Certificate of Organization.
The Certificate of Formation for an LLC (limited liability company) in New Jersey is a legal document to officially form your business. You’ll be expected to provide the name of your LLC, choose a registered agent, list the services your LLC will offer, and pay the state filing fee. After you file the Certificate of Formation, we recommend you obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) if you plan to hire employees and open a business bank account.
Now is a good time to consider whether your New Jersey LLC will be member-managed or manager-managed. We recommend learning more about member-managed vs manager-managed LLCs before you file.
File the Certificate of Formation
OPTION 1: File Online with the State of New Jersey
- OR -
OPTION 2: File by Mail or In-Person
IMPORTANT: For New Domestic LLCs, complete pages 21-24 of the Business Revenue Form.
State Filing Cost: $125 payable to the New Jersey Division of Revenue (Nonrefundable)
New Jersey Division of Revenue
P.O. Box 252
Trenton, NJ 08646
New Jersey Division of Revenue
33 West State Street
Trenton, NJ 08608
If you’re expanding your existing LLC to the State of New Jersey, you will need to form a Foreign LLC.
FAQ: Filing New Jersey LLC Documents
How long does it take to form an LLC in New Jersey?
Filing the Certificate of Formation takes about 5 to 7 days.
What is the difference between a domestic New Jersey LLC and foreign LLC?
An LLC is referred to as a "domestic LLC" when it conducts business in the state where it was formed. Normally when we refer to an LLC we are actually referring to a domestic LLC. A foreign LLC must be formed when an existing LLC wishes to expand its business to another state.
Read our What Is a Foreign LLC article to learn more.
STEP 4: Register your Business for Tax & Employer Purposes
All LLCs in New Jersey are required to register with the New Jersey Division of Revenue and Enterprise Services for business entity and tax filings within 60 days of LLC formation.
This will ensure your business receives a New Jersey tax identification number, allowing you to receive all proper returns and notices. You can do this either online or by mail.
Complete Your Registration
OPTION 1: Register Online with the State of New Jersey
- OR -
OPTION 2: Register by Mail
IMPORTANT: Complete pages 17-19, Form NJ-Reg, of the Business Registration Packet.
New Jersey Division of Revenue
P.O. Box 252
Trenton, NJ 08646
New Jersey Division of Revenue
33 West State Street
Trenton, NJ 08608
STEP 5: Create a New Jersey LLC Operating Agreement
In New Jersey, LLCs are not required to have an operating agreement but it's a good practice to have one.
What is an operating agreement? An operating agreement is a legal document outlining the ownership and operating procedures of an LLC.
Why are operating agreements important? A comprehensive operating agreement ensures that all business owners are on the same page and reduces the risk of future conflict.
For more information, read our New Jersey LLC operating agreement guide.
Recommended: Download a template or create a Free Operating Agreement using our tool.
FAQ: Creating a New Jersey LLC Operating Agreement
Do I need to file my operating agreement with the state?
No. The operating agreement is an internal document that you should keep on file for future reference. However, many states do legally require LLCs to have an operating agreement in place.
STEP 6: Get a New Jersey LLC EIN
What is an EIN? The Employer Identification Number (EIN), Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN), is a nine-digit number issued by the Internal Revenue System (IRS); an Employer ID Number is used to identify a business entity and keep track of a business’s tax reporting. It is essentially a social security number (SSN) for the company.
Why do I need an EIN? An EIN is required for the following:
- To open a business bank account for the company
- For Federal and State tax purposes
- To hire employees for the company
Where do I get an EIN? An EIN is obtained from the IRS (free of charge) by the business owner after forming the company. This can be done online or by mail.
FOR INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS: you do not need an SSN to obtain an EIN. For more information, read our guide on how to obtain an EIN as a foreign LLC.
FAQ: Getting a New Jersey LLC EIN
What tax structure should I choose for my New Jersey LLC?
When you get an EIN, you will be informed of the different tax classification options that are available. Most LLCs elect the default tax status.
However, some LLCs can reduce their federal tax obligation by choosing the S corporation (S corp) status. We recommend consulting with a local accountant to find out which option is best for you.
Considering Using an LLC Formation Service?
We reviewed and ranked the top 5 LLC formation services.
Find out which is best for you.
Protect Your Business & Personal Assets
Business Banking for Personal Asset Protection
Using dedicated business banking and credit accounts is essential for personal asset protection.
When your personal and business accounts are mixed, your personal assets (your home, car, and other valuables) are at risk in the event your New Jersey LLC is sued. In business law, this is referred to as piercing your corporate veil.
You can protect your business with these two steps:
1. Opening a business bank account:
- Separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection.
- Makes accounting and tax filing easier.
Recommended: You can get $200 when you open a Chase business checking account with qualifying activities. Learn more.
2. Getting a business credit card:
- Helps you separate personal and business expenses.
- Builds your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise capital later on.
Recommended: Learn more about the best small business credit cards.
Get Insurance for Your New Jersey LLC
Business insurance helps you manage risks and focus on growing your business. The most common types of business insurance are:
- General Liability Insurance: A broad insurance policy that protects your business from lawsuits. Most small businesses get general liability insurance.
- Professional Liability Insurance: A business insurance for professional service providers (consultants, accountants, etc.) that covers against claims of malpractice and other business errors.
- Workers' Compensation Insurance: A type of insurance that provides coverage for employees’ job-related illnesses, injuries, or deaths. In New Jersey, businesses with one or more employees, including LLC members and corporate officers, are required by law to have workers' compensation insurance. Get a free quote with ADP.
Learn more about which business insurance you need to keep your business safe.
Properly Sign Legal Documents
Improperly signing a document as yourself and not as a representative of the business can leave you open to personal liability. When signing legal documents on behalf of your company, you could follow this formula to avoid problems:
- Formal name of your business
- Your signature
- Your name
- Your position in the business as its authorized representative
See the image below for an example.
This ensures that you are signing on behalf of your LLC and not as yourself.
Learn more on how to protect your business & personal assets by reading our article - How to Maintain your LLC Corporate Veil.
Keep Your Company Compliant
New Jersey LLC Permits & Licenses
Does my New Jersey LLC need business licenses and permits?
To operate your New Jersey LLC you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. For example, restaurants likely need health permits, building permits, signage permits, etc.
The details of business licenses and permits vary from state to state. Make sure you read carefully. Don't be surprised if there are short classes required as well.
Fees for business licenses and permits will vary depending on what sort of license you are seeking to obtain.
Find out how to obtain necessary licenses and permits for your business or have a professional service do it for you:
- Federal: Use the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) guide.
- State: Visit The State of New Jersey's Business Portal.
- Local: Contact your local county clerk and ask about local licenses and permits.
Recommended: If you are a first-time entrepreneur, consider having a professional service research your business’ licensing requirements. Our friends at Startup Savant have reviewed and ranked the top five license research services.
New Jersey LLC Taxes
Depending on the nature of your business, you may be required to register for one or more forms of state tax.
New Jersey Sales Tax
If you are selling a physical product, you’ll typically need to register for a seller's permit through the New Jersey Division of Revenue and Enterprise Services Business Registration website.
This certificate allows a business to collect sales tax on taxable sales.
Sales tax, also called "Sales and Use Tax," is a tax levied by states, counties, and municipalities on business transactions involving the exchange of certain taxable goods or services.
Read our sales tax guide to find out more.
New Jersey Employer Taxes
Federal LLC Tax Requirements
Most LLCs will need to report their income to the IRS each year using:
- Form 1065 Partnership Return (most multi-member LLCs use this form)
- Form 1040 Schedule C (most single-member LLCs use this form)
Read our LLC Tax Guide to learn more about federal income taxes for LLCs.
File Your New Jersey LLC Annual Report
New Jersey requires LLCs to file an annual report with the New Jersey Division of Revenue.
File your Annual Report
File Online with the New Jersey Division of Revenue
Fee: $50 payable to the New Jersey Division of Revenue (Nonrefundable)
Due Date: Due by the end of the month in which the LLC was formed.
Late Filings: New Jersey does not charge late fees if you miss your filing deadline, but the state will revoke your LLC after failure to file for two consecutive years.
Avoid Automatic Dissolution
LLCs may face fines and even automatic dissolution when they miss one or more state filings. When this happens, LLC owners risk the loss of limited liability protection. A quality registered agent service can help prevent this outcome by notifying you of upcoming filing deadlines and by submitting reports on your behalf.
Recommended: ZenBusiness offers a reliable registered agent service and excellent customer support.
Get Help Starting a Business in New Jersey
We understand that creating an LLC and getting your business up and running comes with many challenges. To help you succeed, we compiled the best local resources in every major metro area in New Jersey. You can get free assistance in the following areas:
Make Running Your Business Easier
After starting a business, two of the most important things you can do are get professional accounting and hire the right employees. Streamlining these processes can save you time and money as your business grows.
Hiring Employees in New Jersey
If you plan to hire employees for your New Jersey LLC, stay compliant with the law by following these steps:
- Verify that new employees are able to work in the US
- Report employees as "new hires" to the State
- Provide workers' compensation insurance for employees
- Withhold employee taxes
- Print compliance posters and place them in visible areas of your workspace
Find more information using the State of New Jersey's Employer Handbook.
Recommended: Check out our Hiring for your Small Business Guide for resources like sample job descriptions, payroll service reviews, and more.
FAQ: Hiring Employees in New Jersey
What is the minimum wage in New Jersey?
The minimum wage in New Jersey is $11.00 per hour.
How often do I need to pay employees in New Jersey?
New Jersey requires wages to be paid at least twice monthly. Executive, supervisory and other special classifications may be paid at least once monthly, but must still be regularly scheduled.
Accounting For Your New Jersey LLC
It’s critical to get your books in order-- even if you haven’t officially opened for business. A well-managed accounting system will help you:
- Track your business finances, including bills, expenses, and income.
- Simplify your annual tax filings.
The right software makes accounting easy. Look for software that:
- Syncs with your bank automatically.
- Matches transactions to invoices, bills and purchase orders.
- Can be accessed from your phone.
Recommended: QuickBooks has all the accounting features your small business will need.
Try QuickBooks for free
Women in Business Tools and Resources
If you have a woman-owned business, many resources are available to help you concentrate on your business’s growth:
- Funding - (ie. grants, investors, loans)
- Events - (ie. conferences, meetups)
- Guides - (ie. business formation, personal growth)
- Support - (ie. advice, communities, business strategies)
Our information and tools will provide educational sources, allow you to connect with other women entrepreneurs, and help you manage your business with ease.
TRUiC has created video guides to support and reinforce our on-page guides. These videos help to visualize the ideas and lessons that you need to know to create and run a successful business.
Check out our growing library of small business videos on the TRUiC YouTube channel.
Forming a foreign LLC allows your company to operate as one entity in multiple states. If you have an existing LLC and want to do business in New Jersey, you will need to register as a foreign LLC. This can be done online.
Register as a Foreign LLC in New Jersey
File Online with the State of New Jersey
Fee: $125 (Nonrefundable)
How to Obtain a Certificate of Good Standing
A Certificate of Good Standing, known in New Jersey as a Standing Certificate, verifies that your LLC was legally formed and has been properly maintained. Several instances where you might need to get one include:
- Seeking funding from banks or other lenders
- Forming your business as a foreign LLC in another state
- Obtaining or renewing specific business licenses or permits
You can order a New Jersey LLC Standing Certificate online or by mail.
Order a Standing Certificate
OPTION 1: Request a Standing Certificate Online
- OR -
OPTION 2: Request a Certificate by Mail, In-Person, or by Fax
Fee: $50 for the short form certificate, $100 for the long form certificate, payable to the Treasurer of the State of New Jersey (Nonrefundable)
Instructions for requesting by mail: Send a letter to the address given in the "Request Form" link above with the 10-digit business ID of the business in which the certificate is being filed for, the address of the business, and the payment for the fee.
Providing a self-addressed stamped envelope will speed up the processing. Be sure to include that you are requesting a Certificate of Good Standing.
Dissolve Your New Jersey LLC
If at any point in the future you no longer wish to conduct business with your New Jersey LLC, it is important to officially dissolve it. Failure to do so in a timely fashion can result in tax liabilities and penalties, or even legal trouble. To dissolve your New Jersey LLC, there are two broad steps:
- Close your business tax accounts
- File the New Jersey Articles of Dissolution
When you are ready to dissolve your LLC, follow the steps in our New Jersey LLC Dissolution Guide.