Business Overview

Fish farms operate for the purpose of raising fish for commercial and residential sales. Many different kinds of fish can be raised in controlled environments, from table fare to exotic tropical species. In addition to growing fish for the purpose of harvesting and selling them to restaurants, many fish farms also serve as fun places where families and individuals can go to fish in the ponds and catch their own supper. 

Who is this business right for?

Fish farm entrepreneurs should have a background in farming and have familiarity with basic biology of fish. This job will also involve some manual labor from time to time. In addition, since you’re running your own farm, knowledge of the economics and business of farming is also helpful.

What happens during a typical day at a fish farm?

Overseeing this type of operation, either small scale or large, will require hands-on management of your livestock. Depending on the type of fish you’re raising, you will be carefully monitoring the living conditions and water quality regularly. Other things you may have to do include:

  • Check and service pumps for tanks and ponds.
  • Test pH of water and adjust accordingly
  • Feed fish and check water levels.
  • Extract fish for sale and shipment
  • Contact customers and distributors about inbound and outbound shipments.
  • Train staff on proper farming techniques

What is the target market?

Customer types will vary, depending on the types of fish you are raising. If you are raising fish for sport, re-stocking, or commercial food products, your base will consist of larger businesses, which need a higher volume of fish. Some customers may even consist of state or federal organizations who re-stock depleted natural resources.

If you raise fish for aquariums or as pets, your customer group will be pet shops and specialty fish dealers. You may even choose to have customers contact you directly, in order to expedite sales and cut the cost of the middle man.

How does a fish farm make money?

Fish farms make money through the sales of their farm raised livestock. If your fish farm offers customers the opportunity to catch their own fish, you can also charge for fishing equipment, access to the fishing ponds, and fish cleaning services. 

What is the growth potential for a fish farm?

Fish as a food source is growing in popularity. Fish farms for commercial output are replacing some of the land once used for traditional plant crops. For aquarium enthusiasts, the desire for new and unique, as well as healthy, species is always strong. With the popularity of custom fish tanks also expanding, there will be a need for fish to fill them.